Experimenting with Sets (Python) UserPageVisits:310 active 80 80 DaniWeb 561 60 2005-03-10T02:27:15+00:00 https://www.daniweb.com/programming/software-development/code/216476/experimenting-with-sets-python

Experimenting with Sets (Python)


The set is an unordered collection of unique hashable elements. All the elements/items in a set are treated as keys. There are several functions that compare two sets. Right now, I will just give you a taste ...

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code snippet
# sets are unordered collections of unique hashable elements
# Python23 tested      vegaseat      09mar2005

# Python v2.4 has sets built in
import sets

print "List the functions within module 'sets':"
for funk in dir(sets):
    print funk

# create an empty set
set1 = set([])
# now load the set
for k in range(10):
print "\nLoaded a set with 0 to 9:"
print set1
print "Tried to add another 7, but it was already there:"
print set1

# make a list of fruits as you put them into a basket
basket = ['apple', 'orange', 'apple', 'pear', 'orange', 'banana']
print "\nThe original list of fruits:"
print basket

# create a set from the list, removes the duplicates
fruits = sets.Set(basket)
print "\nThe set is unique, but the order has changed:"
print fruits

# let's get rid of some duplicate words
str1 = "Senator Strom Thurmond dressed as as Tarzan"
print "\nOriginal string:"
print str1
print "A list of the words in the string:"
wrdList1 = str1.split()
print wrdList1
# now create a set of unique words
strSet = sets.Set(wrdList1)
print "The set of the words in the string:"
print strSet
print "Convert set back to string (order has changed!):"
print " ".join(strSet)


# comparing two sets, bear with me ...
colorSet1 = sets.Set(['red','green','blue','black','orange','white'])
colorSet2 = sets.Set(['black','maroon','grey','blue'])
print "colorSet1 =", colorSet1
print "colorSet2 =", colorSet2

# same as (colorSet1 - colorSet2)
colorSet3 = colorSet1.difference(colorSet2)
print "\nThese are the colors in colorSet1 that are not in colorSet2:"
print colorSet3

# same as (colorSet1 | colorSet2)
colorSet4 = colorSet1.union(colorSet2)
print "\nThese are the colors appearing in both sets:"
print colorSet4

# same as (colorSet1 ^ colorSet2)
colorSet5 = colorSet1.symmetric_difference(colorSet2)
print "\nThese are the colors in colorSet1 or in colorSet2, but not both:"
print colorSet5

# same as (colorSet1 & colorSet2)
colorSet6 = colorSet1.intersection(colorSet2)
print "\nThese are the colors common to colorSet1 and colorSet2:"
print colorSet6