This class is intended as a small and simple alternative to java.util.Scanner for people in the early stages of learning Java. Unlike Scanner it has built-in error handling and retry, it throws no checked exceptions, is as tolerant as possible of variations in the format of user input, and avoids “gotchas” like Scanner’s nextInt/nextLine.
Using it is as simple as

UserInput ui = new UserInput();
String name = iu.getString(“Enter name:”);
int age = ui.getInt(“Enter age:”);
double salary = ui.getDouble(“Enter salary:”);

The isYes(String prompt) method returns a boolean suitable for yes/no questions, e.g.

do {
    …
while (ui.isYes(“enter more data?”));

An optional feature allows you to save all the user input in a text file, and to take input from a text file for automated testing.

See the javadoc for details of all the methods.

This class was inspired by Daniweb member David W’s pathfinding work on defining and coding a simpler Scanner, and completed by assertnull and JamesCherrill. It is is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain

Edited 1 Month Ago by JamesCherrill

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.text.DecimalFormatSymbols;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
import javax.swing.JFileChooser;

/**
 * This is an API utility for novice Java students to get simple user input in their programs.
 * It's intended as a simpler safer replacement for java.util.Scanner with one data item per line
 * and simple diagnose/retry handling for invalid user input
 * <BR>
 * <br> Each "get" method takes a String that is output to System.out as a prompt to the user.
 * <br> User input is parsed as tolerantly as possible. Invalid input is rejected and re-tried.
 * <br> After three consecutive failed tries, a runtime exception is thrown.
 * <br> An alternative constructor allows input to be read from a test data file
 * <br> Console input may be written to a test file for later reuse
 * <br> None of the methods in this class throws any checked exceptions. Unrecoverable errors
 * will cause a runtime exception, thus avoiding any necessity for exception handling
 *
 * @author DaniWeb members. This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.
 */
public class UserInput {

    /**
     * Just some test/demo code for this class
     *
     * @param args optional filename for reading user input.
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        UserInput ui = (args.length == 0) ? new UserInput() : new UserInput(args[0]);

        do {
            System.out.println("Name is " + ui.getString("Enter name: "));
            System.out.println("Age is " + ui.getInt("Enter age: "));
            System.out.println("Wage is " + ui.getDouble("Enter wage: "));
        } while (ui.isYes("Another?"));
        ui.setlogging(false);
        if (args.length == 0) {
            if (ui.isYes("Save input to file? ")) //  ui.writeInputToFile(ui.getString("Please enter filename: "));
            {
                ui.writeInputToFile();
            }
        }
    }

    private final BufferedReader br;
    private boolean echoInput = false;   // echo input only if we are reading from a file
    private boolean logInput = true;     // copy all input for optional data file
    // copy of all user input (unless logInput is turned off). Used to create optional data file...
    private List<String> userInput = new LinkedList<>();

    /**
     * Default constructor, user input will be taken from System.in
     */
    public UserInput() {
        br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
    }

    /**
     * Constructor, user input will be taken from a file
     * <BR> (Intended for running repeatable test cases)
     *
     * @param filename a file to read from or write to
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public UserInput(String filename) {
        File file = new File(filename);
        System.out.println("Reading from file " + file.getAbsolutePath());
        try {
            br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader(file));
        } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        }
        echoInput = true;
    }

    /**
     * Asks the user to enter a string and returns the user's input
     *
     * @param prompt text to display to the user before input
     * @return the string entered by the user
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public String getString(String prompt) {
        System.out.print(prompt);
        String answer;
        try {
            answer = br.readLine();
            if (logInput) {
                userInput.add(answer); // logInput input
            }
        } catch (IOException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        }
        if (answer == null) {
            throw new RuntimeException("Unexpected end of input");
        }
        if (echoInput) {
            System.out.println(answer);
        }
        return answer;
    }

    /**
     * Asks the user to enter an integer number and returns the user's input
     * <br> handles locale-dependent thousands separators correctly
     * <br> allows three tries before raising an unrecoverable error
     *
     * @param prompt text to display to the user before input
     * @return the integer value entered by the user
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public int getInt(String prompt) {
        int errorCount = 0;
        while (errorCount++ < 3) {  // no risk of an infinite loop
            String input = getString(prompt);
            input = input.trim(); // ignore leading and trailing spaces
            input = removeThousandsSeparators(input);
            try {
                return Integer.parseInt(input);
            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                System.out.println("Error! Invalid integer. Try again.");
            }
        }
        // three consecutive failures - time to give up.
        throw new RuntimeException("Repeated invalid user input");
    }

    /**
     * Asks the user to enter a double number and returns the user's input
     * <br> handles locale-dependent thousands separators correctly
     * <br> allows three tries before raising an unrecoverable error
     *
     * @param prompt text to display to the user before input
     * @return the double value entered by the user
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public double getDouble(String prompt) {
        int errorCount = 0;
        while (errorCount++ < 3) {  // no risk of an infinite loop
            String input = getString(prompt);
            input = input.trim(); // ignore leading and trailing spaces
            input = removeThousandsSeparators(input);
            try {
                return Double.parseDouble(input);
            } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
                System.out.println("Error! Invalid double. Try again.");
            }
        }
        // three consecutive failures - time to give up.
        throw new RuntimeException("Repeated invalid user input");
    }

    /**
     * Asks the user to enter a yes or no and returns true for yes, false for no
     * <br> allows three tries before raising an unrecoverable error
     *
     * @param prompt text to display to the user before input
     * @return true if user enters y or yes, false for n or no.
     * <BR> All other input is rejected/retried. Input is case-insensitive
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public boolean isYes(String prompt) {
        int errorCount = 0;
        while (errorCount++ < 3) {
            String input = getString(prompt).toLowerCase().trim();
            if (input.equals("y") || input.equals("yes")) {
                return true;
            }
            if (input.equals("n") || input.equals("no")) {
                return false;
            }
            System.out.println("Error! Answer yes or no");
        }
        throw new RuntimeException("Repeated invalid user input");
    }

    // utility to remove thousands separators before using parseInt or parseDouble
    private static final char G_S = DecimalFormatSymbols.getInstance().getGroupingSeparator();
    private static final char D_S = DecimalFormatSymbols.getInstance().getDecimalSeparator();
    private static final Pattern S_P = Pattern.compile("(\\d)" + G_S + "(\\d\\d\\d)");

    private String removeThousandsSeparators(String s) {
        // remove thousands separators (comma in US/UK, period in France etc)...
        // look for (digit) group separator (digit digit digit)
        // replace with (digit) (digit digit digit)

        // make sure that we do not strip any separators AFTER a decimal for doubles.
        // Note that this has no effect on any string without a decimal.
        int decimalIndex = s.indexOf(D_S);
        if (decimalIndex != -1) {
            return removeThousandsSeparators(s.substring(0, decimalIndex)) + s.substring(decimalIndex);
        }

        String str = S_P.matcher(s).replaceAll("$1$2");
        if (s.equals(str)) {
            return str; // no match.
        }
        return removeThousandsSeparators(str); // match.  But is it the only match?  Send it through again.
    }

    /**
     * Stop or re-start logging of user input
     * <BR> (Intended for running repeatable test cases)
     *
     * @param on if false, stop logInput. if true, continue logInput.
     * <BR> (Logging is on by default)
     */
    public void setlogging(boolean on) {
        logInput = on;
    }

    /**
     * Writes all input to a file for later use test cases.
     * <BR> (Intended for running repeatable test cases)
     *
     * @param fileName the name of the file to write to
     * (may include path information).
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public void writeInputToFile(String fileName) {
        writeInputToFile(new File(fileName));
    }

    /**
     * Shows a file save dialog and writes all input to the selected file for later use test cases.
     * <BR> NOTE: If run in an IDE such as NetBeans, the FileChooser Dialog
     * may open behind the NetBeans window, hidden, out of view, rather than in front of it.  
     * If this occurs, minimize the other windows in order to see the FileChooser Dialog.
     * @throws RuntimeException an unrecoverable error occurred
     */
    public void writeInputToFile() {
        JFileChooser fc = new JFileChooser();
        int returnCode = fc.showSaveDialog(null);
        if (returnCode == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) {
            writeInputToFile(fc.getSelectedFile());
        }
    }

    private void writeInputToFile(File file) {
        System.out.println("Writing input to file " + file.getAbsolutePath());
        try {
            Files.write(file.toPath(), userInput); // Java 8
        } catch (IOException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
            throw new RuntimeException(ex);
        }

    }

    /*  This version of writeInputToFile(File file) is compatible with Java versions before Java 8
     public void writeInputToFile(File file) {
     System.out.println("Writing input to file " + file.getAbsolutePath());
     try {
     java.io.PrintStream outputStream = new java.io.PrintStream(file);
     for (String s : userInput) {
     outputStream.println(s);
     }
     outputStream.close();
     } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) {
     ex.printStackTrace();
     throw new RuntimeException(ex);
     }
     }
     */
    
/*
This is free and unencumbered software released into the public domain.

Anyone is free to copy, modify, publish, use, compile, sell, or
distribute this software, either in source code form or as a compiled
binary, for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial, and by any
means.

In jurisdictions that recognize copyright laws, the author or authors
of this software dedicate any and all copyright interest in the
software to the public domain. We make this dedication for the benefit
of the public at large and to the detriment of our heirs and
successors. We intend this dedication to be an overt act of
relinquishment in perpetuity of all present and future rights to this
software under copyright law.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

For more information, please refer to http://unlicense.org
*/
    
}
The article starter has earned a lot of community kudos, and such articles offer a bounty for quality replies.