What am I missing here?

#include <iostream>
using std::cout;
#include <vector>
using std::vector;
#include <string>
using std::string;
#include <algorithm>
using std::copy;
using std::remove;
#include <iterator>
using std::ostream_iterator;
#include <utility>
using std::pair;

vector<string>& descend(const char *path, const char *pattern, vector<string> &filelist);
void search(const char *path, const char *pattern, vector<string> &filelist);

std::ostream& operator<< (std::ostream &o, const pair<string, string> &p)
   return o << p.first << ',' << p.second;

int main()
   vector<string> wavs, phrases;
   search("H:/projects/wavs/IT", "*.wav", wavs);
   search("H:/projects/wavs/IT", "*.phr", phrases);
   vector<pair<string, string> > renamer;
   for ( vector<string>::iterator it = wavs.begin(); it != wavs.end(); ++it )
      string temp(*it);
      std::pair<string, string> entry;
      entry.first  = *it;
      temp.erase(remove(temp.begin(),temp.end(),' '),temp.end());
      entry.second = temp;
   std::copy(wavs.begin(), wavs.end(), ostream_iterator<string>(cout, "\n"));
   std::copy(phrases.begin(), phrases.end(), ostream_iterator<string>(cout, "\n"));
   std::copy(renamer.begin(), renamer.end(), ostream_iterator<pair<string, string> >(cout, "\n"));
   return 0;

It's a dirty, ugly hack, yes. But what am I doing wrong on the copy to cout ?

*** {BD Software Proxy c++ v3.43a for gcc} STL Message Decryption is ON! ***
stream_iterator.h: In member function
`ostream_iterator<pair<string, string>, char, char_traits<char> > &
ostream_iterator<pair<string, string>, char, char_traits<char> >::operator=(
const pair<string, string> &
[STL Decryptor: Suppressed 5 more STL standard header messages]
main.cpp:43: instantiated from here
stream_iterator.h:196: error: no match for 'operator<<' in '*(
(ostream_iterator<pair<string, string>, char, char_traits<char> > *)
)->ostream_iterator<pair<string, string>, char, char_traits<char> >
::_M_stream << __value'

8 Years
Discussion Span
Last Post by Dave Sinkula


J. C. van Winkel points out (in c++std-lib-9565) another unexpected fact: it's impossible to output a container of std::pair's using copy and an ostream_iterator, as long as both pair-members are built-in or std:: types. That's because a user-defined operator<< for (for example) std::pair<const std::string, int> will not be found: lookup for operator<< will be performed only in namespace std. Opinions differed on whether or not this was a defect, and, if so, whether the defect is that something is wrong with user-defined functionality and std, or whether it's that the standard library does not provide an operator<< for std::pair<>.


[...] it's Koenig lookup (aka argument dependent lookup, ADL) in action. Shockingly enough, MSVC actually has ADL implemented for operators (though not functions), and that is what causes the problem.

std::pair<int const, int> is from std
std::ostream is from std
inside the std::ostream_iterator, where operator<< is called, is in std.
-> only std is searched for the operator<<
But the operator<< is in global, and hence is not found.

The above fix is illegal in the strict sense since there are only certain things that you are allowed to add to std (e.g. specializations of std::swap).
A legal solution is to use a proxy class:

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