Why do we have to suffix long literals by 'L' or 'l' even though we have specified the datatype ? Does it serve any special purpose?

You've specified the type of the object, not the type of the literal. An integer literal without any suffix has the type signed int, which means you can't have a value that exceeds the range of signed int[1]. That's why the suffixes are there, so that you can create a literal that fits a larger type than the default.


[1] Compilers will generally warn you to that effect, but still treat the code as if you used a suffix. This is a convenience only, and not required.