ok, I have created a mobile application for a java enabled phone. I want to make the classic pong game with one paddle, and a number of blocks to break. I have managed to get the ball bouncing around the screen and off the block using a set of if statements checking the location of the ball against the location of the paddle and walls. So the next step is to get ball bouncing off the blocks. So i have a Block() class and within the initialisation I have managed to make an array of blocks to appear on the screen. So the collision detection is next. I have tried the following code but the ball just misses the blocks altogether, I don't understand why the ball is not bouncing off the blocks. The code is on the ball thread, I am simply trying to check the location of the ball against each blocks location. Any help would be great.

``````public void moveBall() {
while (true) {
ballX += incrementX;
ballY += incrementY;
//hits sides
if (ballX < 0 || ballX > (getWidth()-10)) {
incrementX = -incrementX;
}
if (ballY < 0 || ballY > (getHeight()-25) && ballX > paddleX && ballX < (paddleX +50)) {
incrementY = -incrementY;
}
if (ballY >= getHeight()) {
lives -= 1;
ballX = ((getWidth()/2)-5);
ballY = ((getHeight()/2)-5);
}
//hits a block
for (int i = 0; i < 14; i++) {
if ((ballY < blockArray[i].getY() + 10) && (ballX > blockArray[i].getX()) && (ballX < blockArray[i].getX()+30)) {
incrementY = -incrementY;
}
}
repaint();

try {
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

}
}``````

## All 6 Replies

Does (ballX, ballY) represent the center of the ball, or the top-left edge of the bounding square?

For one, this if statement looks somewhat "iffy": `if (ballY < 0 || ballY > (getHeight()-25) && ballX > paddleX && ballX < (paddleX +50))` Consider grouping the conditions with parenthesis more.. I assume the paddle appears on the top and bottom of the screen.

For blocks, you have to test:

Ball intersects block horizontally (at left OR right) AND vertically (at top OR bottom), therefore...

Horizontally:
If (ballX + ballWidth) >= blockX
Or if ballX <= (blockX + blockWidth)

And vertically:
If (ballY + ballHeight) >= blockY
Or if ballY <= (blockY + blockHeight)

The above considers the ball's bounding box... So, it treats the ball like a square, with (ballX, ballY) represening the top-left corner.

BallX and BallY refers to the top left most pixel of the sprite. Thanks for the help

This method would take the ball's coordinates from its center, its radius, and a Block object. It'll return true if they're overlapping.

``````public boolean overlap(int bx, int by, int radius, Block block)
{
int x1 = block.getX();
int y1 = block.getY();
int x2 = block.getX() + 30;
int y2 = block.getY() + 10;

{
return true;
}
return false;
}``````

While this works for simple games, it only works as long as the ball's speed does not exceed the width or height of a brick. For instance, if a brick is 10 units tall and a ball moves vertically at 15units per loop, then there's a possibility that it could skip right over the brick and never trigger a collision. So even though we would see that the ball appeared to pass right through the block, the code never sees the two objects overlap.

A solution for this is to use swept-collision. This is where you take the ball's old position of the last game loop and its new position of the current loop and form a line segment. Then using line segment AB (the ball's path) you check if it intersects the rectangle of the block. The algorithm for that could return a time index of when the line would intersect the block. If the value is between o and 1, then there was a collision. Anything outside of that range means there could be an intersection should the line segment continue indefinitely.

Hey, thanks for the replies, I have managed o sort it out using the collideswith(Sprite s) method. Still got lots of little glitches but I think I can Iron those out easy enough. Thanks again.

hello!!can you give me all the code?thanks

commented: They probably dont even post anymore... check the thread dates =/ -1

hi mr. cudmore... can you please tell me some tutorial site or where can i get codes about making java applets. im planning to make a m-learning using netbeans... but i cant start because i dont have background about this... thanks

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