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Hi
I am trying to find the answer of the following. Suppose, I am trying to build a web page to conduct a fictious online Poll and people vote their favourite candidate. Now each voter is allowed to vote only one candidate from any one party. I have made the code with JavaScript and HTML. But the problem is that, after voting the Candidate and pressing Submit, the page should open another new page where the voter must select any one name of the party to which the candidate belongs and Submit again. But my problem is that, I am trying to open that new page in the place of the existing page but its only opening in a new window. Putting '_self' doesn't work! (I am using radio buttons. It also needs form vaildation so the voter must vote!) What went wrong?

<HTML>
<TITLE>Votes</TITLE>
<HEAD>
<script LANGUAGE="JavaScript">
function form_validation(form)
 {
   
ErrorText= "";
  if ((form.name[0].checked==false)  && (form.name[1].checked==false)  && (form.name[2].checked==false)  && (form.name[3].checked==false) && (form.name[4].checked==false) && (form.name[5].checked==false) && (form.name[6].checked==false))
    {
      alert ("Please select from the form");
      return false;
    }
    
    if ((form.name[0].checked==true)  || (form.name[1].checked==true)  || (form.name[2].checked==true)  || (form.name[3].checked==true) || (form.name[4].checked==true) || (form.name[5].checked==true) || (form.name[6].checked==true))
         {
         
          return true;
         }
 }  
  function window_open() {
  
  window.open("party_names.html","_self");
   
 }    
</script>
<BODY>

<H3 style="color:green"><CENTER>Welcome to Voting Page</CENTER></H3>

<p>This is the website for Voting your favourite candidate<br/>
and the respective Party</p>

<p style="color:blue">Please fill in the form below to select the desired Candidate name and Submit:</p>

<FORM name="Candidate_name" >
<B>Candidates:</B>:<br>
First set:<br>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Bob</i><br/>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Mary</i><br/>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>John</i><br/>
Second set:<br>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Joe</i><br/>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Gilbert</i><br/>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Frank</i><br/>
<INPUT TYPE="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Sudhir</i><br/></br>

<input type="Submit" value="Submit" onClick="return form_validation(this.form) && window_open();">
<input type="reset" value="Reset">

</FORM>
</BODY>
</HTML>

Please use any html file of yours as party_names.html. If you omit "_self" from it, then it'll work properly. But that opens a new window for party_names.html. But I want it to open the new page in the same window carrying the data selected from both pages in order to process in the server.
Please help and EXPLAIN my mistake as I am new.
Thanks

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Discussion Span
Last Post by ghosh22
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Ghosh, window.open() will always open a new window, pretty well regardless of parameters (providing any variables exist and are within scope).

You probably need one of the following:-

location = url;//replaces the current page with the page specified by url, and make a new entry in the browser's History object.
location.href = url;//exactly the same as location = url
location.replace(url);//same as location = url, but overwrites the current entry in the browser's History object.

Use location.replace(url) if you want the browser's back button NOT to return to the replaced page.

The need to use location.replace(url) is greatly reduced these days due to widespread support of xmlHttpRequest (AJAX).

Airshow

Edited by Airshow: n/a

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Hi
Thanks for your reply. I tried the above mentioned method. But still it's not working. Any suggestion?

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Hi Thanks for your reply. Line 23 looks like the following:

location.replace(party_names.html);

Tried also:

location=party_names.html;

Not working..

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Doh! I just looked at the HTML properly and can see what you are trying to do.

Line 23 is irrelevant. The whole function can be deleted.

Change lines 36 and 48 to:-

<form name="Candidate_name" onsubmit="return form_validation(this.form);">
...
<input type="Submit" value="Submit">

Airshow

Edited by Airshow: n/a

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Sorry..its not working..I deleted the funtion and then modified those lines..still not working..even the alert box is not coming now!! Could you please check it in your browser?
Thanks

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Try this. I made a couple of changes and added a doctype at the top.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
 "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html>
<title>votes</title>
<head>
<script>
function form_validation(form)
{
	ErrorText= "";
	if ((form.name[0].checked==false)  && (form.name[1].checked==false)  && (form.name[2].checked==false)  && (form.name[3].checked==false) && (form.name[4].checked==false) && (form.name[5].checked==false) && (form.name[6].checked==false))
    {
      alert ("Please select from the form");
      return false;
    }
    
    if ((form.name[0].checked==true)  || (form.name[1].checked==true)  || (form.name[2].checked==true)  || (form.name[3].checked==true) || (form.name[4].checked==true) || (form.name[5].checked==true) || (form.name[6].checked==true))
    {
		return true;
	}
 }  
/*
function window_open() {
	window.open("party_names.html","_self");
}    
*/
</script>
<body>

<h3 style="color:green"><center>Welcome to Voting Page</center></h3>

<p>This is the website for Voting your favourite candidate<br/>
and the respective Party</p>

<p style="color:blue">Please fill in the form below to select the desired Candidate name and Submit:</p>

<form action="party_names.html" name="Candidate_name" onsubmit="return form_validation(this)">
<b>Candidates:</b>:<br>
First set:<br>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Bob</i><br/>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Mary</i><br/>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>John</i><br/>
Second set:<br>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Joe</i><br/>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Gilbert</i><br/>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Frank</i><br/>
<input type="radio"  name="name" value="name" /><i>Sudhir</i><br/></br>

<input type="Submit" value="Submit">
<input type="reset" value="Reset">

</form>
</body>
</html>
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Hi thanks..it works..Would you please tell me where my mistake was? I am new so it'd help me to learn.
Another thing is,what is the meaning of these two lines: DOCTYPE and www.w3.org..?
Why should we use it? Should we use it in every HTML document?
And what is the meaning of /* ?
And lastly and importantly..I would like to use a CGI script with this form and if I put the script in form action section to interact with MySQL db, then will it work ?

<form action="party_names.html" name="Candidate_name" onsubmit="return form_validation(this)">

Many thanks..

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Every document should have a doctype though browsers make very good assumptions when it is missing. Google w3c doctype for more information.

/*....*/ is just a comment block in javascript. It's a way to suppress code without actually deleting it.

My last changes were to give the form an action (the url to which the form submits) and to change form_validation(this.form) to form_validation(this) .

<form action="party_names.html" name="Candidate_name" onsubmit="return form_validation(this)">

Yes, by changing action="party_names.html" to action="mycgiscript.cgi" the form will be submitted to your CGI script (or php or jsp or whatever you use server-side).

(I'm not too hot on CGI, so maybe post any CGI questions to another forum)

Airshow

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Hi AirShow..thanks a lot for your help..have a nice trip..:)

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Sorry AirShow..one more thing..what's the difference between

form_validation(this.form)

and

form_validation(this)

sorry for this silly question..

Edited by ghosh22: n/a

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OK, now 2 car rides, one train and one flight away from home, I'll try to answer this:

In event handlers, this refers to the object on which the event fires.

  • <form> tag: in onxxx="....", this refers to the form node in the DOM.
  • <input> tag within the form: in onxxx="....", this refers to the input node in the DOM. this.form refers to the form node, in which the input node resides.

Hence after moving your onclick="..." from an input (button) tag to its form tag (and changing it to onsubmit), I needed to change this.form to this in order to maintain the reference to the form node.

Airshow

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