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The computer is a binary beast. We want to go from the one-fingered digital box to the ten-fingered human being and convert binary to denary(base 10) numbers. This is how it works, for instance, binary 10010 is calculated as 1*16+0*8+0*4+1*2+0*1 = decimal 18. Just because it's easy, let's throw in hexadecimal and octal results too. The added bonus is the almost foolproof entry of data.