what is the difference between a class declaration and a class definition ?
Is it that a class which contains the prototypes of member functions is a class declaration?
Is it that a class with member functions defined within the class , is a class definition ?

A class declaration is anything, essentially, that tells the compiler a name is for a class. For example;

class  ClassName;

is known as a "forward declaration".

A class definition is a type of declaration that provides enough information that a compiler can create instances of the class, compute sizeof() for the class, call member functions, and access data members of the class.

A class with "prototypes of member functions" is one type of class definition.

A class "with member functions defined in the class" is another type of class definition - the only difference is that it is a class definition with inline definitions of member functions.

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