#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{

   int j;
   int t;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2 ; i < num; i++ )


      if   ( ( i == 2 ) or  ( i % 2  != 0  ) )

  {

         p = i;
      }

   {
         for ( int j = 2; j > p; j++ )

            if ( p % j != 0 )
     t = p;

         cout << t << endl;

      }

   return 0;


  }

I'm using this program to give me the prime numbers that are less than the number entered, but it's not working?

The spacing in your code makes it very hard to read:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{
   int j;
   int t;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2 ; i < num; i++ )
      if   ( ( i == 2 ) or  ( i % 2  != 0  ) )
      {
         p = i;
      }

      {
         for ( int j = 2; j > p; j++ )
            if ( p % j != 0 )
                t = p;

         cout << t << endl;
      }

   return 0;
  }

You do realize that the top for-loop starts on line 14 and goes to line 18? Lines 20 - 26 are not part of the for-loop that starts on line 14.

The spacing in your code makes it very hard to read:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{
   int j;
   int t;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2 ; i < num; i++ )
      if   ( ( i == 2 ) or  ( i % 2  != 0  ) )
      {
         p = i;
      }

      {
         for ( int j = 2; j > p; j++ )
            if ( p % j != 0 )
                t = p;

         cout << t << endl;
      }

   return 0;
  }

You do realize that the top for-loop starts on line 14 and goes to line 18? Lines 20 - 26 are not part of the for-loop that starts on line 14.

ok how do I fix that?

wrap it in braces
{

blah

}

Also, in your if statement, I think you're missing an else?

if   ( ( i == 2 ) or  ( i % 2  != 0  ) )
      {
         p = i;
      }
      else  // ????
      {
           for ( int j = 2; j > p; j++ )
           {
                if ( p % j != 0 )
                    t = p;
           }
            
            cout << t << endl;
        }

ok how do I fix that?

You need brackets around what you want in the for-loop. No brackets means that only the next instruction is part of the loop. Put brackets around what needs to be repeated:

for (/* for-loop code */)
{
     // code to be repeated.  Inside brackets.
}
// code that is not repeated.  Outside the brackets.

You need brackets around what you want in the for-loop. No brackets means that only the next instruction is part of the loop. Put brackets around what needs to be repeated:

for (/* for-loop code */)
{
     // code to be repeated.  Inside brackets.
}
// code that is not repeated.  Outside the brackets.

I've tried chaning the brackets and it still doesn't work.

I am curious ..

how did you get this to compile ? if ( ( i == 2 ) or ( i % 2 != 0 ) ) There is no keyword called "or" in C++ its denoted by "||"

Also in addition to the braces, your logic is messed up. See the comments in your code.

for ( int i = 2 ; i < num; i++ )
      /* you can add a special case for 2, you only need to check for the factors of
          odd numbers which are greater than 2 */
      if   ( ( i == 2 ) or  ( i % 2  != 0  ) ) 
      {
        /* you don't really need this placeholder. you can just use "i" */
         p = i;
      }
 
      {
         /* this doesn't make sense... you should be checking from 2 upto the odd number.
             j will always be less than p */ 
         for ( int j = 2; j > p; j++ )
           /* this doesn't help either, if your odd number is not divisible by the last 
               number then it will assume it to be prime ? */ 
            if ( p % j != 0 )
                t = p;
 
         cout << t << endl;
      }

Here is some pseudocode to help

if number is odd
  for i = 2 to number
    if number divisible by i
      haveFactors = true;
      break;
    end if
  end for
  if haveFactors is false, we have a prime number. 
end if
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{
   int q;
   int j;
   int sum = 0;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2; i < num; i++ )

   {
      if  ( ( i == 2 ) or ( i % 2 != 0 ) )

         p  = i;

      for ( int j = 1; j <= p; j++ )

      {
         if ( p % j == 0 )

         {
            sum += j;

         }

      }

      {
         if ( sum == p + 1 )

 q = p;

      }
      cout << q << endl;

   }

   return 0;
 }

i'm trying to get the ODD numbers but its gives even numbers

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{
   int q;
   int j;
   int sum = 0;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2; i < num; i++ )

   {
      if  ( ( i == 2 ) or ( i % 2 != 0 ) )

         p  = i;

      for ( int j = 1; j <= p; j++ )

      {
         if ( p % j == 0 )

         {
            sum += j;

         }

      }

      {
         if ( sum == p + 1 )

 q = p;

      }
      cout << q << endl;

   }

   return 0;
 }

The brackets on lines 34 and 39 have no effect. The spacing makes it very hard to read. Indent consistently, get rid of the meaningless brackets and the blank lines. Here's your code with better spacing:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main ()

{
   int q;
   int j;
   int sum = 0;
   int p;
   int num;
   cout << " Please enter an even integer greater than 2: ";
   cin >> num;

   for ( int i = 2; i < num; i++)
   {
      if  ( ( i == 2 ) or ( i % 2 != 0 ) )
         p  = i;

      for ( int j = 1; j <= p; j++ )
      {
         if ( p % j == 0 )
            sum += j;

         if ( sum == p + 1 )
             q = p;
      }

      cout << q << endl;
   }

   return 0;
 }

Reread stilllearning's earlier post about line 17. I was surprised, but this code compiled on Dev C++. I figured "or" would be an error, but apparently Dev C++ didn't mind. Still, best to use || instead of "or".

I don't understand what this alrgorithm has to do with prime numbers. For example, what does sum represent?

This article has been dead for over six months. Start a new discussion instead.