Dear Sir,

Please find the attached document for your reference. Could you tell me what is wrong of my answer?

program Project1;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses
  SysUtils;

var
        balance, posNeg, positive, negative: integer;

begin
    randomize;
    writeln('Get average balance');
    balance:=random(10000);
    posNeg:=random(2);
    if posNeg=0 then
      begin
        balance:=balance*-1-30;
      end
      else
        begin
          writeln('Positive balance.');
          balance:=balance*1.03;
        end;
      writeln('Your balance is ', balance);
      readln;
end.

Cheers,

Your main problem is 'balance' should be a real type, as multiplying it by 1.03 will return a non integer value. Here's how I'd do it:

program Project1;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses
  SysUtils;

var
  posNeg: integer;
  balance: Real; // balance must be a real type (supports decimal places)

begin
  try
    Randomize;
    Writeln('Get average balance');
    posNeg:=random(2);
    // Set posNeg to 1 or -1
    if posNeg = 0 then
      posNeg:=-1
    else
      posNeg:=1;
    // %.2f limits the float to 2 decimal places
    balance:=StrToFloat(Format('%.2f',[posNeg*(random+random(10000))]));
    Writeln('Average balance is '+FloatToStr(balance));
    if posNeg = -1 then
    begin
      Writeln('Negative balance.');
      balance:=balance-20;
    end else
    begin
      Writeln('Positive balance.');
      balance:=balance*1.03;
    end;
    // Format to 2 decimal places
    Writeln('Your new balance is ', Format('%.2f',[balance]));
    readln;
  except
    on E:Exception do
      Writeln(E.Classname, ': ', E.Message);
  end;
end.

Hope that helps.

Sub Xero

Hi,

Thank you for your kind reply and answer. Can I do at the following way?

program Hoard_It;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses
  SysUtils;

var
        balance: real;
        posNeg, positive, negative: integer;

begin
    randomize;
    writeln('Get average balance');
    balance:=random(10000);
    posNeg:=random(2);
    if posNeg=0 then
      begin
        balance:=balance*-1-30;
      end
      else
        begin
          writeln('Positive balance.');
          balance:=balance*1.03;
        end;
      writeln('Your balance is ', balance:6:2);
      readln;
end.

Your main problem is 'balance' should be a real type, as multiplying it by 1.03 will return a non integer value. Here's how I'd do it:

program Project1;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

uses
  SysUtils;

var
  posNeg: integer;
  balance: Real; // balance must be a real type (supports decimal places)

begin
  try
    Randomize;
    Writeln('Get average balance');
    posNeg:=random(2);
    // Set posNeg to 1 or -1
    if posNeg = 0 then
      posNeg:=-1
    else
      posNeg:=1;
    // %.2f limits the float to 2 decimal places
    balance:=StrToFloat(Format('%.2f',[posNeg*(random+random(10000))]));
    Writeln('Average balance is '+FloatToStr(balance));
    if posNeg = -1 then
    begin
      Writeln('Negative balance.');
      balance:=balance-20;
    end else
    begin
      Writeln('Positive balance.');
      balance:=balance*1.03;
    end;
    // Format to 2 decimal places
    Writeln('Your new balance is ', Format('%.2f',[balance]));
    readln;
  except
    on E:Exception do
      Writeln(E.Classname, ': ', E.Message);
  end;
end.

Hope that helps.

Sub Xero

Hi,

Could you tell me what about the different between 'integer' and 'real'?

Cheers,

Tony

another alternative :D

{Little tutorial for real type}
{real type is stores floating point numbers like 3.14 or 0.1234}
{The generic type Real is equivalent to Double.
Type:Real,	Range:5.0 x 10^-324 .. 1.7 x 10^308
Significant digits:15-16	Size in bytes:8}
{if you want to divide 2 numbers then the result always real}
{the same result when the first number is decimal and the second is real}
{so if you work with real numbers then the result always real }


Program get_the_average_ballance;

{$APPTYPE CONSOLE}

Uses
  SysUtils;

Var balance,interest:Real;
    posneg:Integer;

Begin {main}
  WriteLn('Get the average ballance...');

  Randomize;

  balance:=Random(2000); {get the random number}

  posneg:=Random(2);      {again}

  If posneg = 0 Then Begin  {if true then}
    {balance will be negative}
    balance:=balance*-1;
    {and substarct $20 from the money}
    balance:=balance-20;
    {alert the user for the changes}
    WriteLn('You lose $20,sorry');
  End
  Else Begin {in the other way}
    interest:=(balance/100)*3; {it is the same as balance*1.03 the result is real}
    balance:=balance+interest;{add the interest to the balance}
    WriteLn('You got 3%'); {alert the user}
  End;
  WriteLn('The balance is: ',balance:0:0);
  {the colon (:) after balance is the field widenes}
  {the first number after the colon is the number of numbers before the dot}
  {and the second number after the second colon is the number of numbers}
  {after the dot}
  ReadLn; {press the enter button}
End.{end of main}

I like this line:

WriteLn('The balance is: ',balance:0:0);

Very neat.

Sub Xero

simple pascal syntax...but delphi accepts it too... :D

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