Here is the program:

int i,n;
double v_in[20+1],v_out[20+1];

cout << "\ninput n ? ";
cin >> n;

for(i=1;i<=n;i++) {
    cout << "input v_in[" << i << "] ? ";
    cin >> v_in[i];

// reverse v_in and store the result in v_out
for(i=1;i<=n;i++) {
    v_out[i] = v_in[n-i+1];

cout << "\nn = " << n;

cout << "\n\nv_in = ";
for(i=1;i<=n;i++) {
    cout << "\n" << v_in[i];

cout << "\n\nv_out = ";
for(i=1;i<=n;i++) {
    cout << "\n" << v_out[i];

cout << "\ndone.\n";

return 0; }

Now in the Section in Bold, there's a part where he does this
v_out[i] = v_in[n-i+1]
What is the significance of n-i+1?? How does this reverse v_in???
Please help??

Edited by Nick Evan: Fixed formatting

7 Years
Discussion Span
Last Post by momike205

A. please put code inside code tags, that makes it more readable.

B. In answer to your question, I'd ask you to work it out by hand. When i is 1, what is the index v_in and v_out? When you answer that, I think you'll see the significance of the statement.


*Use code tags while posting.

*Take an example of n=10; then single step through the for loop of the code to understand the working of the code:
for the first time in the loop:
i = 1 then n-i+1= 10, hence v_out[1] is assigned the value v_in[10]. for the second time in the loop:
i = 2 then n-i+1= 9, hence v_out[2] is assigned the value v_in[9]. and so on

* A point to remember , if an array contains say 5 elements, int a[5]; then the first element in C and C++ is a[0] and the last element is a[4] . I am not sure if you have intentionally avoided using the zeroth element.


ya it was on purpose to start at 1
but thank u very much guys, i understand it... So helpful and quick!
Awesome! :)

This topic has been dead for over six months. Start a new discussion instead.
Have something to contribute to this discussion? Please be thoughtful, detailed and courteous, and be sure to adhere to our posting rules.