ifstream mystream(file_name);
ofstream outputstream(filename, ios::out);


    do {

        mystream.getline(line, 100);

    mystream >> country_name >> happiness_value;

        total_happiness = total_happiness + happiness_value;

    count++;

    outputstream << country_name << " \t \t " << happiness_value << endl;

            } while (!mystream.eof());

the file ifstream is reading from is a .dat file, in this format:

first           1
second          2
third           3
fourth          4

This is the exact file ifstream is opening, but for some reason when I check my output file is shows like it should except it displays "fourth 4" twice,

e.g :

fourth          4
fourth          4

Why is my loop iterating more than it should?

Don't know if it helps, but my count has been initialized as 0 and equals 5 at the end of the loop.

Edited 3 Years Ago by mike_2000_17: Fixed formatting

Do you have an extra empty line in the file? Or the file just ends right after "fourth 4"? You may try both to see what happen.

Edited 6 Years Ago by Taywin: n/a

Thought I tried it before but just tried it again and no success, still iterates the last line of code twice.

See!:

Country Happiness
------------------------------------------
first 1.2
second 2.7
third 3.4
fourth 4.2
fourth 4.2


and my data.dat file:

first 1.2
second 2.7
third 3.4
fourth 4.2

Search this forum for why using eof() is not a right way to control the read loop.

do {
    mystream.getline(line, 100);
    mystream >> country_name >> happiness_value;
    total_happiness = total_happiness + happiness_value;
    count++;
    outputstream << country_name << " \t \t " << happiness_value << endl;
} while (!mystream.eof());

In short, to trigger eof() to return true, you need to read beyond the last character of the file. The last good read reads up to (and including) the last character, and no more; eof() is not triggered, and the loop runs one more time (hitting eof right away). In this last run nothing gets read, and your variables retain their values from the previous pass.

The right way is

while(mystream.getline(line, 100)) {
    ...
}
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <iomanip>
using namespace std;

//void open_file_function();
double average_calculator(double total_happiness, int count);

int main() {

    char country_name[60];
    double happiness_value;

    char file_name[30];
    double average_happiness=0;
    double total_happiness=0;
    char line[100];
    int count=0;
    cout << "Enter Filename : ";
    cin >> file_name;


    ifstream mystream(file_name);
    ofstream outputstream("happiness.out", ios::out);

    if (!mystream.is_open())
        {   
            cout << "Input file " << file_name << " does not exist." ;
            return(100);
        }
        outputstream << "Country  \t  \t  \t" << "Happiness" << endl;
        outputstream << "------------------------------------------" << endl ;
        setprecision(2);
do {
            mystream.getline(line, 100);

            mystream >> country_name >> happiness_value;

            total_happiness = total_happiness + happiness_value;

            count++;

            outputstream << country_name << " \t \t \t \t " << happiness_value << endl;


    } while (!mystream.eof());

    mystream.close();
            setprecision(3);
            outputstream << endl << endl << average_calculator(total_happiness, count);



        }

        double average_calculator(double total_happiness, int count)
            {
                double average_happiness;
                average_happiness = (total_happiness / count);
                return(average_happiness);

            }

Edited 3 Years Ago by mike_2000_17: Fixed formatting

while(mystream.getline(line, 100))
 {
            //mystream.getline(line, 100);

            mystream >> country_name >> happiness_value;

            total_happiness = total_happiness + happiness_value;

            count++;

            outputstream << country_name << " \t \t \t \t " << happiness_value << endl;


    } 

Does not work. I tried it without the omitted line as well.

With the omitted line the code does the same thing as it did before.

When i remove the // the output is as follows:

first                            1.2
third                            3.4
third                            3.4

Edited 3 Years Ago by mike_2000_17: Fixed formatting

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