Hello all, I am currently in the process of learning C++ for a work term position I am on. After hitting a wall trying to teach myself from books I decided it might be easier to translate some old Java programs from school into C++ to get a better understanding of the differences in syntax. Most notably with the creation of a two dimensional array. The Java program is a lab from school, we had to write an LRU - Least Recently Used - program.

Here's the Java program:

``````class LRU{
private int size;
private int[][] table;
private int[] priority;

public LRU(int size){
this.size = size;
table = new int[size][size];
priority = new int[size];
}

public void reference(int x){
System.out.println("Page Referenced: " + x);
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
table[x][j] = 1;
}
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
table[i][x] = 0;
}
int Dec = 0;
int Sum =0;
int i = 0;
int y = size -1;
while(i < size){
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
if(table[i][j] == 1){
Sum = (int) Math.pow(2, y);
Dec = Dec + Sum;
}
priority[i] = Dec;
y--;
}
Dec = 0;
Sum = 0;
y = size -1;
i++;
}
}

public int findPage(){
int leastUsed = priority;
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
if(priority[i] < leastUsed)
leastUsed = i; //assumes pages are numbered starting at zero
}
return leastUsed;
}

public void print(){
System.out.println("Table:");
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
System.out.print(table[i][j]);
}
System.out.println();
}
System.out.println("Priority:");
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
System.out.print(" " + priority[i]);
}
System.out.println();
System.out.println("Index:");
System.out.println(findPage());
System.out.println();
}
}``````

And here's the C++ program with the slight changes I've made in trying to convert it.

``````#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
using namespace std;

class LRU{

public:
LRU(int size){
this->size = size;
table = new int[size][size];
priority = new int[size];
}

~LRU(){
delete[] priority;
delete[] table;
}

void reference(int x){
cout << "Page Referenced: " << x;
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
table[x][j] = 1;
}
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
table[i][x] = 0;
}
int Dec = 0;
int i = 0;
int Sum =0;
int y = size -1;
while(i < size){
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
if(table[i][j] == 1){
Sum = (int) pow(2, y);
Dec = Dec + Sum;
}
priority[i] = Dec;
y--;
}
Dec = 0;
Sum = 0;
y = size -1;
i++;
}
}

int findPage(){
int leastUsed = priority;
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
if(priority[i] < leastUsed)
leastUsed = i; //assumes pages are numbered starting at zero
}
return leastUsed;
}

void print(){
cout << "Table:";
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < size; j++){
cout << table[i][j];
}
cout << endl;
}
cout << "Priority:";
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
cout << " " <<  priority[i];
}
cout << endl;
cout << "Index:";
cout << findPage();
cout << endl;
}
private:
int size;
int **table;
int *priority;
};``````

And finally these are the errors I'm getting when I try to compile:

``````------ Build started: Project: LRU, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
LRU.cpp
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(10): error C2540: non-constant expression as array bound
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(10): error C2440: '=' : cannot convert from 'int (*)' to 'int **'
Types pointed to are unrelated; conversion requires reinterpret_cast, C-style cast or function-style cast
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(29): error C2668: 'pow' : ambiguous call to overloaded function
c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 10.0\vc\include\math.h(583): could be 'long double pow(long double,int)'
c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 10.0\vc\include\math.h(535): or       'float pow(float,int)'
c:\program files\microsoft visual studio 10.0\vc\include\math.h(497): or       'double pow(double,int)'
while trying to match the argument list '(int, int)'
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(38): warning C4258: 'i' : definition from the for loop is ignored; the definition from the enclosing scope is used
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(19) : definition of 'i' ignored
c:\documents and settings\dee\my documents\visual studio 2010\projects\lru\lru\lru.cpp(23) : definition of 'i' used
========== Build: 0 succeeded, 1 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========``````

Thanks in advance for any light you can shed on this.

2-D array constructor...

``````table = new int*[size];
for(int i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
table[i] = new int[size];
}``````

2-D destructor...

``````for(int i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
delete table[i];
}

delete table;``````

Keep in mind that you CANNOT assume that all size * size elements will be contiguous! If you need them to be contiguous, you'll need a different solution.

Thanks, I'll try that and see what happens.

That does seem to have gotten rid of my errors, thanks again. Only my output isn't as it should be. After adding in your solution is compiles and runs however - and I believe it has something to do with pointers only my grasp on them isn't quite firm yet - the output is a little garbled. I think I know what's happening but I'm afraid I'm lacking knowledge in how to fix it.

Here's what it should be:

[IMG]http://i55.tinypic.com/f9icfd.png[/IMG]

And here's what I get with the above code in C++

[IMG]http://i56.tinypic.com/in8pp2.png[/IMG]

I think I screwed up on the destructor...

``````for(int i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
delete [](table[i]);
}
delete []table;``````

That looks a little better, but it's been a while, so I'm not guaranteeing.

Irrelevant to your problem, but worth pointing out.

As to your problem, C++ does not initialize variables. It looks like table[][] is not initialized. You should initialize everything to 0 in your constructor. That may or may not be your problem, but it sure looks you have uninitialized variables.

[EDIT]
You have thirty minutes to edit a post. After that, the edit option goes away.
[/EDIT]

Thanks again, gonna poke at it some more