I have an application i am currently working on which uses Aero glass in some areas but the areas that don't have aero are shown in black.

I am trying to figure out why that is.


    using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
    using System.Windows.Interop;
    using System.Windows.Media;
    using System.Windows;
    using System;

    namespace Test
    public partial class MainWindow

        public const int WmDwmcompositionchanged = 0x031E; 

        struct Margins
            public int cxLeftWidth;
            public int cxRightWidth;
            public int cyTopHeight;
            public int cyBottomHeight;

        static extern int DwmExtendFrameIntoClientArea(IntPtr hWnd, ref Margins pMarInset);
        extern static int DwmIsCompositionEnabled(ref int en);

        private IntPtr WndProc(IntPtr hwnd, int msg, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam, ref bool handled)
            if (msg != WmDwmcompositionchanged) return IntPtr.Zero;
            ExtendGlass(this, new Thickness(0,0,120,0));
            handled = true;
            return IntPtr.Zero;

        public static void ExtendGlass(Window window, Thickness thikness)
                var isGlassEnabled = 0;
                DwmIsCompositionEnabled(ref isGlassEnabled);
                if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major > 5 && isGlassEnabled > 0)
                    var helper = new WindowInteropHelper(window);
                    var mainWindowSrc = HwndSource.
                    if (mainWindowSrc != null)
                        if (mainWindowSrc.CompositionTarget != null)
                            mainWindowSrc.CompositionTarget.BackgroundColor =

                    var margins = new Margins
                        cxLeftWidth = (int) (thikness.Left),
                        cxRightWidth = (int) (thikness.Right),
                        cyBottomHeight = (int) (thikness.Bottom),
                        cyTopHeight = (int) (thikness.Top)

                    window.Background = Brushes.Transparent;

                    if (mainWindowSrc != null)
                            ref margins);
                    window.Background = SystemColors.WindowBrush;
            catch (DllNotFoundException)


        protected override void OnSourceInitialized(EventArgs e)
            ExtendGlass(this, new Thickness(50,0,0,0));




Any help would be awesome, thanks.

3 Years
Discussion Span
Last Post by Ketsuekiame

I think it has something to do with the fact that you're trying to set your Window back colour to transparent. This won't work and gives you a black colour instead.


I was talking about this line: window.Background = Brushes.Transparent;
not this line: mainWindowSrc.CompositionTarget.BackgroundColor = Colors.Transparent;

Did you update both? The CompositionTarget is correct and should be transparent, the window.Background call shouldn't as winforms doesn't support transparency that way. I imagine it will be painting it with the default transparency key colour which is probably black. If you want a semi transparent window you will need to set the Opacity of the form, or, set the entire form area to be Aero Glass.


I have tried playing around with both but none achieve the desired effect. It only works if i make the entire window glass but thats not i intended the application to look. Also this is a WPF application so its not using winforms.

Edited by nblackburn


Ahh! Yes okay you were doing it the correct way then.

This works a little differently in WPF. You don't want to edit the background colour of the Window, but rather the first child control under it (Most likely a grid)

You need to set the size of this control appropriately (This should be auto managed by your margins, but if not you can do it in code) and then set the background colour of this control to your desired colour.

I suggest setting your entire client area to AeroGlass. (You can do this by setting new Thickness(-1) when you call ExtendGlass) and then use controls such as Grid, StackPanel or Canvas to get the desired UI client area.


I understand that but it still doesnt really explain why the window background is black in the first place as it should be the colour specified by the window background property. The code i used to achieve the aero-effect is WPF code as i understand so it should function without problems but it doesnt.


It is functioning as intended. That black space isn't what you know of as your window. The "Window" actually sits on top of this area (The ClientArea). What you're seeing is probably the artefact of DirectX/GDI drawing this area.

If you set your Window background colour to pink, that's why you get a pink area in your Window that doesn't conform to the size of the black area.

If you override the Direct3D default colour you should be able to change it to what you like. This is rather complicated. Setting your layout to the right size is far simpler.

EDIT: I've done some reading around and it seems that the transparency key for aero is black. This may have something to do with it as well.

Edited by Ketsuekiame

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