with terminal is there a way for me to get a list of names that are already taken?
like for things like variables and filenames
import so I can't accidentally name something that will make a bug
Edited by Lucaci Andrew
dir(__builtins__) #list of what's in the built-in namespace
If you not sure do a simple test.
You get a NameError if python can't find the name.
>>> reload <built-in function reload> >>> my_reload Traceback (most recent call last): File "<interactive input>", line 1, in <module> NameError: name 'my_reload' is not defined >>> list <type 'list'> >>> lst Traceback (most recent call last): File "<interactive input>", line 1, in <module> NameError: name 'lst' is not defined
lst is ok names to use.
Also pay attention to modules names,so dont name someting
When Python has a module named
Edited by snippsat
You can run this simple code ...
''' names_reserved101.py show all builtin functions/methods and keywords avoid using any of those names for your variables, or you will get conflicts, using keywords flag as error ''' from keyword import kwlist print("A list of Python's keywords:") print('\n'.join(kwlist)) print('-'*60) print("Show all Python builtin functions, classes and alike:") # does a case insensitive sort first print('\n'.join(sorted(dir(__builtins__), key=str.lower)))
There is also this ...
print("Show all the modules Python currently knows about:") help("modules")
Sorry to clutter this question with even more long code, but this is a script I wrote to check modules/classes for builtin conflicts. It searches the current directory for modules or can be used on other directories by adding to sys.path.
#!/usr/bin/env python # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- import sys def main(argz): addsyspath = argz if len(argz) > 1 else None moduleorclass = argz[:-3] if argz.endswith(".py") else argz print "current dir: " + sys.path if addsyspath is not None: print "adding sys path: " + str(addsyspath) shortname = moduleorclass.split('.')[-1] print "checking: " + shortname + '\n' # retrieve list of conflicts try: conflicts = runtest(moduleorclass, addsyspath) # print results if len(conflicts) == 0: print "no conflicts found." else: print "found " + str(len(conflicts)) + " conflicts:" print " " + "\n ".join(conflicts) + '\n' except Exception as ex: print "error checking: " + shortname + '\n' + str(ex) return 1 # success print "finished.\n" return 0 def runtest(module_name, new_syspath=None): """ module_name : (string) Full module name or class to import ("mymodule.submodule.classname") new_syspath : (string) Path to add to sys.path (/path/to/module) Imports a module by string name, inserts syspath if wanted, and does getconflicts() on it. """ # add python path (if it was passed) if new_syspath is not None: sys.path.insert(0, new_syspath) # trim .py extension (if it wasn't already) if module_name.endswith(".py"): module_name = module_name[:-3] # import module to check builtins. exec("import " + module_name) imp_ = eval(module_name) # test conflicts and return them return getconflicts(imp_) def getconflicts(module_class): """ runs conflict test on already imported module or class, returns list """ # test conflicts conflicts =  for i in dir(__builtins__): # test item, filter certain items. if ((i in dir(module_class)) and (not i.startswith("__"))): # filter __item__'s... conflicts.append(str(i)) return conflicts # ----- START OF SCRIPT if __name__ == "__main__": args = sys.argv[1:] if ((len(args) == 0) or ("-h" in args) or ("--help" in args)): # no args, or help flags. print "usage: pyconflicts.py <modulename.or.class> [<python path to add>]\n" + \ " example:\n" + \ " ./pyconflicts.py myscript\n" + \ " ./pyconflicts.py myproject.myclass /path/to/myproject\n" ret = 1 else: # have args, run it. ret = main(args) # exit with return code. sys.exit(ret)
If the name of this script is 'pyconflicts.py' you would run it like this:
./pyconflicts.py myscript ./pyconflicts.py myscript.myclass ** notice no .py extension, name it like you were going to import it. ./pyconflicts.py myotherscript /path/to/myotherdir ** if myotherscript is in a different directory, you will need to add that dir to python path.
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