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Hello all!

When would it be advisable to use string iterators vs the "for char c in string" loop that is a feature in C++-11 or vs the for (int i.....) loop? And why?

The only two situations I see myself using string iterators is for the STL algorithms and for traversing a string in reverse (crbegin/crend/rbegin/rend) instead of going forward as it is harder to implement going backwards using a for-loop without using iterators.

Thanks for looking here and thanks in advance!

Edited by diafol: Move to c++

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Last Post by NathanOliver
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Doing most things with standard containers involves using iterators. Even using the new ranged based for loops does. If you take for example:

for ( range_declaration : range_expression ) loop_statement

This becomes:

{
    auto && __range = range_expression ; 
    for (auto __begin = begin_expr, __end = end_expr; __begin != __end; ++__begin) 
    { 
        range_declaration = *__begin; 
        loop_statement 
    } 
}

Most things deal with iterators as it makes for generating portable function a lot easier. Virtually anything that implements a begin() and end() can be used in functions. The main cavet is that the type of iterator the function requires.

Source for code example: http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/language/range-for

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