:confused: please some1 can help me in writing a random number generator funtion......generates number from 1-10000...explain it..plz

## All 10 Replies

you can simply generate a random number by the function rand() in the stdlib directory. However c++ can't generate true random numbers as they are pseudo-random means having some pattern so we need to seed them for this we use the function srand(), and we must give a seeding-number in the argument so we usually give it the time as argument, like this
srand(time(0));

now if you want to give a range you can do it by this syntax

(minimum+rand())%maximum;
for example if you want to generate the numbers between 1 and 10,000 simply do it this way

(1+rand())%10000;

so the complete code should be like this along with a function to do it :
--------------------------------

``````#include <iostream.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int generate(int,int);  //prototype for function
main(){
srand(time(0));   // Seed the random function
int min=1,max=10000; // variable to store max and min range
int number=generate(min,max);
cout << "The generated number is : "<<number;
}
int generate(int min,int max){

int num=(min+rand())%max;
return num;
}``````

-----------------------------------

You can alter the range by altering the min and max variables

Hope it helps

Regards,
QaiS

now if you want to give a range you can do it by this syntax

(minimum+rand())%maximum;
for example if you want to generate the numbers between 1 and 10,000 simply do it this way

(1+rand())%10000;

Not quite. it's `minimum + (rand() % maximum);`

Not quite. it's `minimum + (rand() % maximum);`

Not quite, its: `minimum + (rand() % (maximum - minimum));` This will produce random numbers in the range minimum inclusive and maximum exclusive.
;)

Oops.... so it is. Thanks Sannie :D

Not quite, its: `minimum + (rand() % (maximum - minimum));` This will produce random numbers in the range minimum inclusive and maximum exclusive.

Not quite, it's

``minimum + rand() / (RAND_MAX / (maximum - minimum) + 1 );``

To ensure proper distribution.

:twisted:
(sorry, I couldn't help it :mrgreen:)

Not quite, it's

``minimum + rand() / (RAND_MAX / (maximum - minimum) + 1 );``

To ensure proper distribution.

:twisted:
(sorry, I couldn't help it :mrgreen:)

Actually, according to this very enlightening read, you're all wrong...

(sorry, I couldn't help it either) :mrgreen:

Oops.... so it is. Thanks Sannie

I guess its payback time... :mrgreen:

Not quite, it's
`minimum + rand() / (RAND_MAX / (maximum - minimum) + 1 );` To ensure proper distribution.
(sorry, I couldn't help it )

Actually, according to this very enlightening read, you're all wrong...

(sorry, I couldn't help it either)

I never said my code ensured proper distribution. Atleast it was logically correct. :D

this is what the linux man pages say (in part) about rand(3):

" ... The versions of rand() and srand() in the Linux C Library
use the same random number generator as random() and sran­
dom(), so the lower-order bits should be as random as the
higher-order bits. However, on older rand() implementa­
tions, the lower-order bits are much less random than the
higher-order bits.

In Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing
(William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky,
William T. Vetterling; New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1992 (2nd ed., p. 277)), the following comments are
"If you want to generate a random integer between 1
and 10, you should always do it by using high-order
bits, as in

j=1+(int) (10.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0));

and never by anything resembling

j=1+(rand() % 10);

(which uses lower-order bits)."

Random-number generation is a complex topic. The Numeri­
cal Recipes in C book (see reference above) provides an
excellent discussion of practical random-number generation
issues in Chapter 7 (Random Numbers). ..."

Now we have all seen that our moderators are less than perfect:

``````// typical example for seeded random integers in a given range

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h> // time()

int main(void)
{
int i, min, max, rn;

srand(time(NULL)); // random seed on most compilers
min = 1;
max = 10000;
printf("Ten random numbers from 1 to 10000\n\n");
for(i = 0; i < 10; i++)
{
rn = min + (int)((float)max*rand()/(RAND_MAX+(float)min));
printf("%d\n", rn);
}
return 0;
}``````

Now we have all seen that our moderators are less than perfect

And so are most that try one-upmanship ;)
No formatting
Poor commenting
Casts to float that are useless.
:rolleyes:

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