Certain characters have special significance in HTML, and should be represented by HTML entities if they are to preserve their meanings. This function returns a string with these conversions made. If you require all input substrings that have associated named entities to be translated, use htmlentities() instead.
This function just does this:
'&' (ampersand) becomes '&'
'"' (double quote) becomes '"' when ENT_NOQUOTES is not set.
"'" (single quote) becomes ''' (or ') only when ENT_QUOTES is set.
'<' (less than) becomes '<'
'>' (greater than) becomes '>'
These are the ONLY characters that will be encoded by htmlspecialchars