OH noo, please not that again! Yeah, primes sigh. But they play a minor role here as a perfect victim to explain some other things. Would not advise to use the algorithm here to calculate them in real life. There are languages like Python, F#, Haskell etc. who have list comprehension on board. I was wondering how to do it in C#. Looked up some examples on the net and concoct my own here. See the `factors`

method on line 84 and the `primes`

method on line 109. What I like about this code is that it is so concise yet easy to comprehend.( That is I think it is :) )

PLINQ joins in as I use the `AsParallel()`

extension on line 111. You might as well add the `AsOrdered()`

extension. Parallel processors don't always deliver their tasks in order! Working parallel is not always advisable. Think of numbers less than 1000 or so. Calculate primes from 2 to 100000 and you're in business. Calculating all the primes up to 1234567 on my i7 four core machine in parallel, still takes about half an hour, while taking up 96% of total processor time(seen in Task Manager). Leave `.AsParallel().AsOrdered()`

out if you want to see the time difference. Enjoy. Any comments are always welcome.

```
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Diagnostics;
namespace PrimeLister
{
/// <summary>
/// Visual Studio Community 2017
///
/// Listing primes using list comprehensions with the aid of PLINQ
/// </summary>
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
int cNumber = InputInteger();
Console.WriteLine("The number {0} has following factors:", cNumber);
List<int> facs = factors(cNumber);
PrintOut(facs);
if (prime(cNumber))
Console.WriteLine("It is a prime number");
else
Console.WriteLine("It is not a prime number");
Console.WriteLine("The primes up to this number are:");
var STW = Stopwatch.StartNew();
List <int> prims = primes(cNumber);
STW.Stop();
PrintOut(prims);
Console.WriteLine("Total number of primes up to {0} is: {1}", cNumber, prims.Count());
Console.WriteLine("Total time calculating: {0}", STW.Elapsed.ToString(@"mm\:ss\.fff"));
Console.ReadKey();
}
/// <summary>
/// Some way where it is only possible to input numbers
/// </summary>
/// <returns>on success, the inputted number</returns>
static int InputInteger()
{
string intStr;
int numb;
do
{
Console.Write("Input an integer: ");
intStr = string.Empty;
intStr = Console.ReadLine();
} while (!Int32.TryParse(intStr, out numb));
return numb;
}
/// <summary>
/// Print out a formatted list of integers on the console
/// </summary>
/// <param name="aList">here a list of integers</param>
static void PrintOut(List<int> aList)
{
const int cNumbersOnaLine = 15;
int Counter = 0;
foreach (var result in aList)
{
Console.Write("{0,6} ", result);
Counter++;
if (Counter > cNumbersOnaLine)
{
Counter = 0;
Console.WriteLine();
}
}
Console.WriteLine();
}
/// <summary>
/// Get a list of factors from a number
/// </summary>
/// <param name="number">The number to handle</param>
/// <returns>The list of factors</returns>
static List<int> factors(int number)
{
return new List<int>(from x in Enumerable.Range(1, number)
where number % x == 0
select x);
}
/// <summary>
/// Test if a number is prime
/// </summary>
/// <param name="number"></param>
/// <returns>true or false</returns>
static bool prime(int number)
{
//return factors(number).Count() == 2; or
return factors(number).SequenceEqual(new List<int>() { 1, number });
}
/// <summary>
/// Get a list of primes up to a certain number.
/// Leaving AsParallel out it's 4 times slower on my system
/// but depending on how may numbers you choose!
/// </summary>
/// <param name="upto">the maximum</param>
/// <returns>A list of primes in the range 2 until upto</returns>
static List<int> primes(int upto)
{
return new List<int>(from x in Enumerable.Range(2, upto).AsParallel().AsOrdered()
where prime(x)
select x);
}
}
}
```

About the Author

Have programmed in Modula-2 on a professional basis in the eighties. Now I am quite fond of C# AND Python!