How the Chinese took, and lost, control at TechNet


While keen to point out that Microsoft's TechNet portal security was "in no way compromised" by the tactic, researchers with security outfit FireEye discovered that a well established China-based hacking campaign called Deputy Dog had managed to create profiles and posts on TechNet that contained embedded Command and Control codes for use with a BlackCoffee malware variant.

This method of hiding in plain sight is nothing new, but it can make detection problematical as the data (especially within a technical forum such as TechNet) is simply 'lost' in a sea of similar code from genuine users of a well respected and therefore assumed to be safe site.

The technique may, however, have backfired having been detected. The FireEye researchers have been working with the Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center to inject their own data onto some of those TechNet pages and use this to gain insight into how the malware, and the people behind it, operate. Ultimately, this will make both identification of infected forum systems and the cleansing thereof much easier.

Tim Erlin, Director of Product Management at Tripwire, warns that while using a legitimate website to distribute malicious data is nothing new "the addition of obfuscation here is a twist that makes detection just that much harder" and points out that "any website that allows for public comments to be submitted is already monitoring for abuse, but they can only detect what they’re actually looking for. Now that this technique has been surfaced, website administrators will adapt to identify it, and the criminals will have to shift again to avoid detection."

About the Author

A freelance technology journalist for 30 years, I have been a Contributing Editor at PC Pro (one of the best selling computer magazines in the UK) for most of them. As well as currently contributing to, The Times and Sunday Times via Raconteur Special Reports, SC Magazine UK, Digital Health, IT Pro and Infosecurity Magazine, I am also something of a prolific author. My last book, Being Virtual: Who You Really are Online, which was published in 2008 as part of the Science Museum TechKnow Series by John Wiley & Sons. I am also the only three times winner (2006, 2008, 2010) of the BT Information Security Journalist of the Year title, and was humbled to be presented with the ‘Enigma Award’ for a ‘lifetime contribution to information security journalism’ in 2011 despite my life being far from over...

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