Sukhbir, you have a lot of interesting syntax questions, and they are all covered in one chapter of any good C book, because these questions all revolve around the way the C compiler (and thus the C++ compiler) has been specified to work. You can also go into the help for your compiler and look for 'precedence'; there is a nice table that lists the exact order specified by the language.
In your first example,
is the same as
to the compiler, thus your second example, where you supplied the parens, would be different. In general, when writing code like this that might confuse someone, it is nice to put in the parens explicitly, even if they are not strictly needed by the compiler.