Hi Team,

Need your urgent help for the same
Well i have a file which consist of million records.

Question is :

Prepare a script which will cat that particular file..and then,the user will be asked to choose which line in the file he needs to modify the word and replace which the user had inputed.

The script should be interactive as the user will be inputting his values as per line selection made by him and replacing the word

Thanks for your patience!

regards
Whizkidash

Hi Team & Snake

Question is :

file.txt
this is the record one
this is the record two
this is the record three
this is the record four
this is the record five

As you could see the above file there are five rows in five line.
Now, 1) i want a script which should be interactive which should first cat the file which the user has inputed the file to modify..
2) Then he should be able to replace the word as per line-wise
i.e: suppose he wants to change the word four, which is in line 4.. and so on 3) once done he should move the modifiyed file to a new file..


The above was just a typical example.. Actually it neads to be done on a file consist of 100 lines...

Please provide a universal script which can used to modify/replace any line wise file in my directory on my host box.


I have tried

#!/bin/bash
echo "type file name to show"
read fname
cat $fname
echo " choose the line in the file u need to replace word with
read tname
(suggest me from here so that i can achive my desired result)

Reply urgently awaited!

Thanks for your patience.
Regards
Whizkidash

Edited 7 Years Ago by peter_budo: Keep It Organized - For easy readability, always wrap programming code within posts in [code] (code blocks)

Tell your professor uuoc :P

#!/bin/bash

get_file()
{
  inp_file=""
  while ! test -f ${inp_file} || ! test "${inp_file}"
  do
    echo -n "File to read: [file.txt]: "
    read inp_file
    if [ "${inp_file}" = "" ]; then
      inp_file="./file.txt"
    fi
  done
}

get_line()
{
  inp_line=""
  while ! [ ${inp_line} -eq ${inp_line} >> /dev/null 2>&1 ] || ! test ${inp_line}
  do
    echo -n "Line Number to replace: "
    read inp_line
  done
}

test_line_nbr()
{
  local cnt=`wc -l $1 | awk '{ print $1 }'`
  if [ ${2} -le ${cnt} ] ; then
    valid_linenbr=1
  else
    echo ""
    echo "Invalid line number"
    echo ""
  fi
}

get_search_word()
{
  search_word=""
  while ! test ${search_word}
  do
    echo -n "Word to search for: "
    read search_word
  done
}

get_replace_word()
{
  replace_word=""
  while ! test ${replace_word}
  do
    echo -n "Replacement value: "
    read replace_word
  done
}

valid_linenbr=0
get_file

until [ ${valid_linenbr} -eq 1 ]
do
  get_line
  test_line_nbr ${inp_file} ${inp_line}
done

get_search_word
get_replace_word

#use sed -i to replace the file in place
#use sed "s//g" >> newfile to save the output
sed "${inp_line} s/${search_word}/${replace_word}/g" ${inp_file}

Hello Snake,

When I run this script provided by you..
It give me the below error... as you could see i want to replace line number 2 which i have specified but still its not proceeding ahead with the script
File to read: [file.txt]: file1
Line Number to replace: 2
Line Number to replace: 2
Line Number to replace: 2
Line Number to replace: 2
Line Number to replace:

Please assist me with the same!

regards
Whizkidash

What version of bash are you running? The script is designed to make you re-enter the line number if you enter a non-numerical value, or, if you enter a line number longer than your file. Type set at the command line and post all of the shell-relevant environment variables back here.

sk@sk:/tmp/d$ ls
file.txt  script.sh
sk@sk:/tmp/d$ wc -l file.txt
11 file.txt
sk@sk:/tmp/d$ ./script.sh
File to read: [file.txt]:
Line Number to replace: 999

Invalid line number

Line Number to replace: 5
Word to search for: a
Replacement value: xxxxxx
a
a
a
a
xxxxxx
a
a
a
a
a

sk@sk:/tmp/d$

Hi scott,

Below is the details needed by you:

1) bash -version
GNU bash, version 3.00.15(1)-release (i686-redhat-linux-gnu)
Copyright (C) 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc


2)
[root@LAB-A ~]# set

BASH=/bin/bash
BASH_ARGC=()
BASH_ARGV=()
BASH_LINENO=()
BASH_SOURCE=()
BASH_VERSINFO=([0]="3" [1]="00" [2]="15" [3]="1" [4]="release" [5]="i686-redhat-linux-gnu")
BASH_VERSION='3.00.15(1)-release'
COLORS=/etc/DIR_COLORS.xterm
COLUMNS=80
DIRSTACK=()
EUID=0
GROUPS=()
G_BROKEN_FILENAMES=1
HISTFILE=/root/.bash_history
HISTFILESIZE=1000
HISTSIZE=1000
HOME=/root
HOSTNAME=LAB-A
HOSTTYPE=i686
IFS=$' \t\n'
INPUTRC=/etc/inputrc
KDEDIR=/usr
LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LESSOPEN='|/usr/bin/lesspipe.sh %s'
LINES=24
LOGNAME=root
LS_COLORS='no=00:fi=00:di=00;34:ln=00;36:pi=40;33:so=00;35:bd=40;33;01:cd=40;33;01:or=01;05;37;41:mi=01;05;37;41:ex=00;32:*.cmd=00;32:*.exe=00;32:*.com=00;32:*.btm=00;32:*.bat=00;32:*.sh=00;32:*.csh=00;32:*.tar=00;31:*.tgz=00;31:*.arj=00;31:*.taz=00;31:*.lzh=00;31:*.zip=00;31:*.z=00;31:*.Z=00;31:*.gz=00;31:*.bz2=00;31:*.bz=00;31:*.tz=00;31:*.rpm=00;31:*.cpio=00;31:*.jpg=00;35:*.gif=00;35:*.bmp=00;35:*.xbm=00;35:*.xpm=00;35:*.png=00;35:*.tif=00;35:'
MACHTYPE=i686-redhat-linux-gnu
MAIL=/var/spool/mail/root
MAILCHECK=60
OPTERR=1
OPTIND=1
OSTYPE=linux-gnu
PATH=/usr/kerberos/sbin:/usr/kerberos/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin:/root/bin
PIPESTATUS=([0]="0")
PPID=21897
PROMPT_COMMAND='echo -ne "\033]0;${USER}@${HOSTNAME%%.*}:${PWD/#$HOME/~}\007"'
PS1='[\u@\h \W]\$ '
PS2='> '
PS4='+ '
PWD=/root
QTDIR=/usr/lib/qt-3.3
SHELL=/bin/bash
SHELLOPTS=braceexpand:emacs:hashall:histexpand:history:interactive-comments:monitor
SHLVL=1
SSH_ASKPASS=/usr/libexec/openssh/gnome-ssh-askpass
SSH_CLIENT='::ffff:10.180.18.199 1109 22'
SSH_CONNECTION='::ffff:10.180.18.199 1109 ::ffff:10.180.18.210 22'
SSH_TTY=/dev/pts/1
SUPPORTED=en_US.UTF-8:en_US:en
TERM=xterm
UID=0
USER=root
_=USERNAME
mpi_selection=
mpi_selector_dir=/var/lib/mpi-selector/data
mpi_selector_homefile=/root/.mpi-selector
mpi_selector_sysfile=/etc/sysconfig/mpi-selector

3) I have been following the same as you could see below the file1 consist of 6 lines.
[root@LAB-A jobby]# wc -l file1
6 file1

Also when i execute the script with the line number to replace 2 (see below).It does not proceed ahead. Even though i key in the blank space the script tends to be the same..It does not show me any invalid statements...

[root@LAB-A jobby]# ./particular1.sh
File to read: [file.txt]: file1
Line Number to replace: 2
Line Number to replace:
Line Number to replace:
Line Number to replace:
Line Number to replace:
Line Number to replace:


Do let me know if you need still any inputs from me.
Thanks for your patience!

Regards
Whizkidash

Edited 7 Years Ago by peter_budo: Keep It Organized - For easy readability, always wrap programming code within posts in [code] (code blocks)

Hi scott,
Did you find any thing on the set variables needed by you.
As per the script provided by you..
have hashed out the below contents

get_line()

{
  inp_line=""
#   while ! [ ${inp_line} -eq ${inp_line} >> /dev/null 2>&1 || ! test ${inp_line}
   # do
     echo -n "Line Number to replace: "
      read inp_line
      #done
}

Now when i run..

UREKA! it worked [root@LAB-A Jobby]# ./particular1.sh File to read: [file.txt]: file1
Line Number to replace: 2
Word to search for: this
Replacement value: oracle
hi this is jobby
oracle is me
this is w2
this is jobby's bay
this is next datacenter
this is next to jobby

But the mystery still remains unresolved..:(
Suppose if i want to replace "is" on line one it
then... [root@LAB-A Jobby]# ./particular1.sh File to read: [file.txt]: file1
Line Number to replace: 1
Word to search for: is
Replacement value: oracle
hi thoracle oracle jobbythis is me
this is w2
this is jobby's bay
this is next datacenter
this is next to ashwin

Did you get it..it well i wanted is of third field to be replaced..

I guess awk does the trick.. awk 'NR==1{$3="oracle"}1' file1 can u suggest me using that in our script instead of using sed.


Thanks for you patience!
Regards
whizkidash

Edited 7 Years Ago by peter_budo: Keep It Organized - For easy readability, always wrap programming code within posts in [code] (code blocks)

I don't understand your question. Try to ask it again and please use code tags when posting code on daniweb. It converted half of your paste to emoticons and was very hard to read:

[code]

...text here...

[/code]

This article has been dead for over six months. Start a new discussion instead.