Hello,

*Before you get scared away - my issue does not particular seem to relate to Quaternions or Vectors.*

More generally, it appears to be something compiler or C++ standard related, as my return call from the function is acting strange. You can eventually start reading the concluding issue at the bottom.

**Thank you so much!**

So I've got this class with Quaternion mathematics.

This particular function (operator *) is to rotate a Vector3 based on the current Quaternion.

Here's the code I want to discuss.

Vector3 Class

```
class Vector3
{
float y, z, x;
...
};
Vector3 Vector3::crossProduct(const Vector3& rkVector) const
{
return Vector3(
y * rkVector.z - z * rkVector.y,
z * rkVector.x - x * rkVector.z,
x * rkVector.y - y * rkVector.x);
}
const Vector3 Vector3::operator +(const Vector3& arg) const
{
return Vector3(x+arg.x, y+arg.y, z+arg.z);
}
```

Quaternion Class

```
class Quaternion
{
float x, y, z;
...
};
Vector3 Quaternion::operator *(const Vector3& v) const
{
Vector3 v2, v3;
Vector3 qvec(x, y, z);
v2 = qvec.crossProduct(v);
v3 = qvec.crossProduct(v2);
v2 *= (2.0f * w);
v3 *= 2.0f;
Vector3 pre_result = v + v2 + v3;
Vector3 result = pre_result;
return result;
}
```

I have a Quaternion as so:

`Quaternion q(0.0120516298, 0.594058931, -0.00890144333, 0.804294169); // x, y, z, w`

I then call the * operator:

`Vector3 v = q * Vector3(0, 0, -1);`

First issue appears when checking value v in debugger. The value seems to be

`x = -nan(0x7fe450), y = 4.59163468e-41, z = 4.76441478e-44`

This is not good.

I dive into the operator* function with my beloved debugger...*Note: I'm typing what I see, in comment on the line where I'm reaching a breakpoint. Also note, that x, y, z and w are the values set on construction time of the quaternion.*

```
Vector3 Quaternion::operator *(const Vector3& v) const
{
Vector3 v2, v3;
Vector3 qvec(x, y, z); // v(0, 0, -1), v2(0, 0, 0), v3(0, 0, 0)
v2 = qvec.crossProduct(v); // qvec(0.0120516298, 0.594058931, -0.00890144333)
v3 = qvec.crossProduct(v2); // v2(-0.594058931, 0.0120516298, 0)
v2 *= (2.0f * w); // v3(0.0001007276901, 0.00528798206, 0.353051275)
v3 *= 2.0f; // v2(-0.955596268, 0.0193861108, 0)
Vector3 pre_result = v + v2 + v3; // v3(0.000214553802, 0.0105759641, 0.70610255)
Vector3 result = pre_result; // IMPORTANT: pre_result(-0.955381691, 0.029962074, -0.29389745)
return result; // IMPORTANT: result(-nan(0x7fe260), 4.59163468e-41, -nan(0x7fe230)) - SO WHY ISN'T THIS THE SAME AS pre_result?
}
```

- Issue Conclusion

The returned value, stored in a Vector3 equals the (junk) value of "result".

I've spent 4½ hour trying to figure out, why I'm **not getting a sane value returned**.

The values are just looking fine in pre_result then all of a sudden they are *junk*.

I tried many variations, but actually **no matter what variable I pass to return**, it is just *turned into junk*.

I tried cleaning and rebuilding my project.

I'm using GDB and G++ through Make.

**PLEASE!** *Give me your advice or suggestion on this issue.*

*Edited
by Excizted*: added commas