I am was doing research on cryptography and found a simple algorithm (One time pad algorithm) that interests me.
I was able to create a simple version of this that only works with capital letters. The problem however is that the encrypted contents doesn't only contain capital letters. It somethimes contain a special character like
Here is my code:
import random class otp: def __init__(self): self.key = "" self.alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ" """ Generate the key. The key is a random generated of alphabetical characters. The key is the same length as the message. """ def generate_key(self, messagelength): # Get the random characters from the alphabet. for index in range(messagelength): self.key += self.alphabet[random.randint(0, len(self.alphabet) - 1)] """ Returns the key so that the user can use it if required. """ def get_key(self): return self.key """ Encrypt the message. Add each character value of the key to each character value of the message. To get the key and character value, subtract 64 from the ordinal value of the character in capital form. """ def encrypt(self, message): ciphertext = "" # Generate the key. self.generate_key(len(message)) # Encrypt the message. for index in range(len(message)): messagechar = ord(message[index]) - 64 keychar = ord(self.key[index]) - 64 subchar = (messagechar + keychar) % 26 - 1 ciphertext += chr(subchar + 64) return ciphertext """ Decrypt the message. Subtreact each character value of the key from the message character value. To get the key and character value, subtract 64 from the ordinal value of the character in capital form. """ def decrypt(self, message): plaintext = "" # Decrypt the message. for index in range(len(message)): messagechar = ord(message[index]) - 64 keychar = ord(self.key[index]) - 64 addchar = (messagechar - keychar) % 26 + 1 plaintext += chr(addchar + 64) return plaintext if __name__ == '__main__': o = otp() enc = o.encrypt("ABCDE") print("Encrypted: " + enc) dec = o.decrypt(enc) print("Decrypted: " + dec)
Encrypted: IEEMK Decrypted: ABCDE Encrypted: LHLAE Decrypted: ABCDE Encrypted: UMS?L Decrypted: ABCDE
As you can see the third time it encrypted the word
HELLO there was an
? in the string. I need to make it that there are only capital letters.