Got this to open a browser inside a specific frame, and i need it to be changeable, any ideas?

been readin pyqt5 but cant seem to manage this

import sys
from tkinter import Tk, ttk
from PyQt5.QtCore import *
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import *
from PyQt5.QtWebEngineWidgets import *

mainwind = Tk()
w, h = mainwind.winfo_screenwidth(), mainwind.winfo_screenheight()
mainwind.geometry("%dx%d+0+0" % (w, h))
mainwind.title("browser")

url = "https://www.google.com"
def seturl(urlbtn):
    url = urlbtn




class MainWindow(QMainWindow):
    def __init__(self):
        super(MainWindow, self).__init__()
        self.browser = QWebEngineView()
        self.browser.setUrl(QUrl(url))
        self.setCentralWidget(self.browser)
        self.showNormal()

        # navbar
        navbar = QToolBar()
        self.addToolBar(navbar)

        home_btn = QAction('Home', self)
        home_btn.triggered.connect(self.navigate_home)
        navbar.addAction(home_btn)

        self.url_bar = QLineEdit()
        self.url_bar.returnPressed.connect(self.navigate_to_url)
        navbar.addWidget(self.url_bar)

        self.browser.urlChanged.connect(self.update_url)

    def navigate_home(self):
        self.browser.setUrl(QUrl(url))

    def navigate_to_url(self):
        url = self.url_bar.text()
        self.browser.setUrl(QUrl(url))

    def update_url(self, q):
        self.url_bar.setText(q.toString())




frm_window_left = ttk.Frame(mainwind)
frm_window_left.grid(column=0, row=0, rowspan=99)

frm_browser = ttk.Frame(mainwind)
frm_browser.grid(column=1, row=0, rowspan=99)

frm_window_right = ttk.Frame(mainwind)
frm_window_right.grid(column=2, row=0, rowspan=99)



ttk.Label(frm_window_left, text=":::::::::::::left:::::::::::::").grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, pady=10)
ttk.Button(frm_window_left, text="url1_L", command=seturl("https://outlook.com/")).grid(column=0, row=1, padx=10,pady=10, ipady=35)
ttk.Button(frm_window_left, text="url2_L", command=seturl("https://www.Facebook.com")).grid(column=0, row=2, padx=10,pady=10, ipady=35)

ttk.Label(frm_browser, text="............................Browser Window Open Here................................\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\a").grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, pady=10)


ttk.Label(frm_window_right, text=":::::::::::::right:::::::::::::").grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, pady=10)
ttk.Button(frm_window_right, text="url1_R", command=seturl("https://www.google.com/")).grid(column=0, row=1, padx=10,pady=10, ipady=35)
ttk.Button(frm_window_right, text="url2_R", command=seturl("https://www.daniweb.com/")).grid(column=0, row=2, padx=10,pady=10, ipady=35)



app = QApplication(sys.argv)
window = MainWindow()
app.exec_()

thanks

Recommended Answers

Just what do you mean by 'changeable'? Does it have to be able to view different websites, rather than the hardcoded one? Or something else?

Also, are you sure you want to be mixing TkInter and Qt like that? I'm not certain that that would really work consistently. If you …

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Sorry for the delay in getting back to you, I'll see what I can find out.

Jump to Post

I did notice that editing the URL only set it to "about:blank", but that doesn't seem to be what you actually were referring to.

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All 9 Replies

Just what do you mean by 'changeable'? Does it have to be able to view different websites, rather than the hardcoded one? Or something else?

Also, are you sure you want to be mixing TkInter and Qt like that? I'm not certain that that would really work consistently. If you need the Qt browser tool, I would use Qt for the whole UI.

hi, it doesnt need to be qt, i just cant find a way to do this with tkinter.

the thing is when ever i click a button the browser frame would reload, it will always be the same site but with diferent parameters for logtrail search.

Sorry for the delay in getting back to you, I'll see what I can find out.

commented: no worrys, this seems a easy one but oddly i can only open in new window and really need it in a frame or something to add to the layout of my project +2

hi, sorry to bother you, been trying the past weeks, is there a way this can be done? im starting to think that it cant be done :(

can you just point me in the right way, im always looking in dead ends :s

thanks

I'm sure there's a way to do it, but I've been otherwise occupied and haven't had a chance to address the question. Sorry.

I did test it, and it seems to work well enough, if not exactly the most sophisticated - I tried using Google search's "I'm Feeling Lucky" and it let me select a page to load. I'm not sure what the problem you are having is; does it have to do with the links to other websites? I never get the list of websites, it just goes to Google.

I did notice that editing the URL only set it to "about:blank", but that doesn't seem to be what you actually were referring to.

commented: i can only get it to open in a new window. my issue is how to make it open in a frame in order to insert it in the interface +3

this is what i need, maybe its easier like this

Captura_de_ecrã_2021-08-25,_às_09_29_24.png

this seems to work
https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/blob/master/examples/tkinter_.py
or
https://pythonprogramming.altervista.org/python-goes-to-the-web-cefpython-and-tkinter/
but i get this error on booth

raise Exception("Python version not supported: " + sys.version)
Exception: Python version not supported: 3.9.4 (v3.9.4:1f2e3088f3, Apr  4 2021, 12:32:44) 
[Clang 6.0 (clang-600.0.57)]

i think cefpython3 dont work with python 3.9

this is complicated :s do you think i can clean this code? i think there many features that are not even implemented yet :s

# Example of embedding CEF Python browser using Tkinter toolkit.
# This example has two widgets: a navigation bar and a browser.
#
# NOTE: This example often crashes on Mac (Python 2.7, Tk 8.5/8.6)
#       during initial app loading with such message:
#       "Segmentation fault: 11". Reported as Issue #309.
#
# Tested configurations:
# - Tk 8.5 on Windows/Mac
# - Tk 8.6 on Linux
# - CEF Python v55.3+
#
# Known issue on Linux: When typing url, mouse must be over url
# entry widget otherwise keyboard focus is lost (Issue #255
# and Issue #284).
# Other focus issues discussed in Issue #535.
from tkinter import ttk
from tkinter.scrolledtext import ScrolledText

from cefpython3 import cefpython as cef
import ctypes

try:
    import tkinter as tk
except ImportError:
    import Tkinter as tk
import sys
import os
import platform
import logging as _logging

# Fix for PyCharm hints warnings
WindowUtils = cef.WindowUtils()

# Platforms
WINDOWS = (platform.system() == "Windows")
LINUX = (platform.system() == "Linux")
MAC = (platform.system() == "Darwin")

# Globals
logger = _logging.getLogger("tkinter_.py")

# Constants
# Tk 8.5 doesn't support png images
IMAGE_EXT = ".png" if tk.TkVersion > 8.5 else ".gif"


def main():
    logger.setLevel(_logging.DEBUG)
    stream_handler = _logging.StreamHandler()
    formatter = _logging.Formatter("[%(filename)s] %(message)s")
    stream_handler.setFormatter(formatter)
    logger.addHandler(stream_handler)
    logger.info("CEF Python {ver}".format(ver=cef.__version__))
    logger.info("Python {ver} {arch}".format(
        ver=platform.python_version(), arch=platform.architecture()[0]))
    logger.info("Tk {ver}".format(ver=tk.Tcl().eval('info patchlevel')))
    assert cef.__version__ >= "55.3", "CEF Python v55.3+ required to run this"
    sys.excepthook = cef.ExceptHook  # To shutdown all CEF processes on error
    # Tk must be initialized before CEF otherwise fatal error (Issue #306)
    root = tk.Tk()
    app = MainFrame(root)
    frm1 = ttk.Frame(root)
    frm1.pack()
    frmbrowser = ttk.Frame(root)
    frmbrowser.pack()

    frm_browser = ScrolledText(frm1, width=205, height=13, border=2, relief="solid")
    frm_browser.grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, columnspan=99, rowspan=99, pady=10, ipady=35, sticky='n')


    settings = {}
    if MAC:
        settings["external_message_pump"] = True
    cef.Initialize(settings=settings)
    app.mainloop()
    logger.debug("Main loop exited")
    cef.Shutdown()


class MainFrame(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, root):
        self.browser_frame = None
        self.navigation_bar = None
        self.root = root

        # frmbrowser
        root.geometry("900x640")
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(root, 0, weight=1)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(root, 0, weight=1)

        # MainFrame
        tk.Frame.__init__(self, root)
        self.master.title("Tkinter example")
        self.master.protocol("WM_DELETE_WINDOW", self.on_close)
        self.master.bind("<Configure>", self.on_frmbrowser_configure)
        self.setup_icon()
        self.bind("<Configure>", self.on_configure)
        self.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_focus_in)
        self.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_focus_out)

        # NavigationBar
        self.navigation_bar = NavigationBar(self)
        self.navigation_bar.grid(row=0, column=0,
                                 sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 0, weight=0)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 0, weight=0)

        # BrowserFrame
        self.browser_frame = BrowserFrame(self, self.navigation_bar)
        self.browser_frame.grid(row=1, column=0,
                                sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 1, weight=1)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 0, weight=1)

        # Pack MainFrame
        self.pack(fill=tk.BOTH, expand=tk.YES)

    def on_frmbrowser_configure(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_frmbrowser_configure")
        if self.browser_frame:
            self.browser_frame.on_frmbrowser_configure()

    def on_configure(self, event):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_configure")
        if self.browser_frame:
            width = event.width
            height = event.height
            if self.navigation_bar:
                height = height - self.navigation_bar.winfo_height()
            self.browser_frame.on_mainframe_configure(width, height)

    def on_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_focus_in")

    def on_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_focus_out")

    def on_close(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            self.browser_frame.on_frmbrowser_close()
            self.browser_frame = None
        else:
            self.master.destroy()

    def get_browser(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            return self.browser_frame.browser
        return None

    def get_browser_frame(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            return self.browser_frame
        return None

    def setup_icon(self):
        resources = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "resources")
        icon_path = os.path.join(resources, "tkinter" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(icon_path):
            self.icon = tk.PhotoImage(file=icon_path)
            # noinspection PyProtectedMember
            self.master.call("wm", "iconphoto", self.master._w, self.icon)


class BrowserFrame(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, mainframe, navigation_bar=None):
        self.navigation_bar = navigation_bar
        self.closing = False
        self.browser = None
        tk.Frame.__init__(self, mainframe)
        self.mainframe = mainframe
        self.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_focus_in)
        self.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_focus_out)
        self.bind("<Configure>", self.on_configure)
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        self.focus_set()

    def embed_browser(self):
        window_info = cef.WindowInfo()
        rect = [0, 0, self.winfo_width(), self.winfo_height()]
        window_info.SetAsChild(self.get_window_handle(), rect)
        self.browser = cef.CreateBrowserSync(window_info, url="https://www.google.com/")
        assert self.browser
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(LifespanHandler(self))
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(LoadHandler(self))
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(FocusHandler(self))
        self.message_loop_work()

    def get_window_handle(self):
        if MAC:
            # Do not use self.winfo_id() on Mac, because of these issues:
            # 1. Window id sometimes has an invalid negative value (Issue #308).
            # 2. Even with valid window id it crashes during the call to NSView.setAutoresizingMask:
            #    https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/309#issuecomment-661094466
            #
            # To fix it using PyObjC package to obtain window handle. If you change structure of windows then you
            # need to do modifications here as well.
            #
            # There is still one issue with this solution. Sometimes there is more than one window, for example when application
            # didn't close cleanly last time Python displays an NSAlert window asking whether to Reopen that window. In such
            # case app will crash and you will see in console:
            # > Fatal Python error: PyEval_RestoreThread: NULL tstate
            # > zsh: abort      python tkinter_.py
            # Error messages related to this: https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/441
            #
            # There is yet another issue that might be related as well:
            # https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/583

            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            from AppKit import NSApp
            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            import objc
            logger.info("winfo_id={}".format(self.winfo_id()))
            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            content_view = objc.pyobjc_id(NSApp.windows()[-1].contentView())
            logger.info("content_view={}".format(content_view))
            return content_view
        elif self.winfo_id() > 0:
            return self.winfo_id()
        else:
            raise Exception("Couldn't obtain window handle")

    def message_loop_work(self):
        cef.MessageLoopWork()
        self.after(10, self.message_loop_work)

    def on_configure(self, _):
        if not self.browser:
            self.embed_browser()

    def on_frmbrowser_configure(self):
        # frmbrowser <Configure> event will be called when top window is moved
        if self.browser:
            self.browser.NotifyMoveOrResizeStarted()

    def on_mainframe_configure(self, width, height):
        if self.browser:
            if WINDOWS:
                ctypes.windll.user32.SetWindowPos(
                    self.browser.GetWindowHandle(), 0,
                    0, 0, width, height, 0x0002)
            elif LINUX:
                self.browser.SetBounds(0, 0, width, height)
            self.browser.NotifyMoveOrResizeStarted()

    def on_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("BrowserFrame.on_focus_in")
        if self.browser:
            self.browser.SetFocus(True)

    def on_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("BrowserFrame.on_focus_out")
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        if LINUX and self.browser:
            self.browser.SetFocus(False)

    def on_frmbrowser_close(self):
        logger.info("BrowserFrame.on_frmbrowser_close")
        if self.browser:
            logger.debug("CloseBrowser")
            self.browser.CloseBrowser(True)
            self.clear_browser_references()
        else:
            logger.debug("tk.Frame.destroy")
            self.destroy()

    def clear_browser_references(self):
        # Clear browser references that you keep anywhere in your
        # code. All references must be cleared for CEF to shutdown cleanly.
        self.browser = None


class LifespanHandler(object):

    def __init__(self, tkFrame):
        self.tkFrame = tkFrame

    def OnBeforeClose(self, browser, **_):
        logger.debug("LifespanHandler.OnBeforeClose")
        self.tkFrame.quit()


class LoadHandler(object):

    def __init__(self, browser_frame):
        self.browser_frame = browser_frame

    def OnLoadStart(self, browser, **_):
        if self.browser_frame.master.navigation_bar:
            self.browser_frame.master.navigation_bar.set_url(browser.GetUrl())


class FocusHandler(object):
    """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """

    def __init__(self, browser_frame):
        self.browser_frame = browser_frame

    def OnTakeFocus(self, next_component, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnTakeFocus, next={next}"
                     .format(next=next_component))

    def OnSetFocus(self, source, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnSetFocus, source={source}"
                     .format(source=source))
        if LINUX:
            return False
        else:
            return True

    def OnGotFocus(self, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnGotFocus")
        if LINUX:
            self.browser_frame.focus_set()


class NavigationBar(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, master):
        self.back_state = tk.NONE
        self.forward_state = tk.NONE
        self.back_image = None
        self.forward_image = None
        self.reload_image = None

        tk.Frame.__init__(self, master)
        resources = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "resources")

        # Back button
        back_png = os.path.join(resources, "back" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(back_png):
            self.back_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=back_png)
        self.back_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.back_image,
                                     command=self.go_back)
        self.back_button.grid(row=0, column=0)

        # Forward button
        forward_png = os.path.join(resources, "forward" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(forward_png):
            self.forward_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=forward_png)
        self.forward_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.forward_image,
                                        command=self.go_forward)
        self.forward_button.grid(row=0, column=1)

        # Reload button
        reload_png = os.path.join(resources, "reload" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(reload_png):
            self.reload_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=reload_png)
        self.reload_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.reload_image,
                                       command=self.reload)
        self.reload_button.grid(row=0, column=2)

        # Url entry
        self.url_entry = tk.Entry(self)
        self.url_entry.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_url_focus_in)
        self.url_entry.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_url_focus_out)
        self.url_entry.bind("<Return>", self.on_load_url)
        self.url_entry.bind("<Button-1>", self.on_button1)
        self.url_entry.grid(row=0, column=3,
                            sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 0, weight=100)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 3, weight=100)

        # Update state of buttons
        self.update_state()

    def go_back(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().GoBack()

    def go_forward(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().GoForward()

    def reload(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().Reload()

    def set_url(self, url):
        self.url_entry.delete(0, tk.END)
        self.url_entry.insert(0, url)

    def on_url_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_url_focus_in")

    def on_url_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_url_focus_out")

    def on_load_url(self, _):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().StopLoad()
            self.master.get_browser().LoadUrl(self.url_entry.get())

    def on_button1(self, _):
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_button1")
        self.master.master.focus_force()

    def update_state(self):
        browser = self.master.get_browser()
        if not browser:
            if self.back_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.back_state = tk.DISABLED
            if self.forward_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.forward_state = tk.DISABLED
            self.after(100, self.update_state)
            return
        if browser.CanGoBack():
            if self.back_state != tk.NORMAL:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.NORMAL)
                self.back_state = tk.NORMAL
        else:
            if self.back_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.back_state = tk.DISABLED
        if browser.CanGoForward():
            if self.forward_state != tk.NORMAL:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.NORMAL)
                self.forward_state = tk.NORMAL
        else:
            if self.forward_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.forward_state = tk.DISABLED
        self.after(100, self.update_state)


class Tabs(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self):
        tk.Frame.__init__(self)
        # TODO: implement tabs


if __name__ == '__main__':

main()

made some changes

its still confusing :s

you need to manually resize the window for the browser to show.... dont ask me why :(

# Example of embedding CEF Python browser using Tkinter toolkit.
# This example has two widgets: a navigation bar and a browser.
#
# NOTE: This example often crashes on Mac (Python 2.7, Tk 8.5/8.6)
#       during initial app loading with such message:
#       "Segmentation fault: 11". Reported as Issue #309.
#
# Tested configurations:
# - Tk 8.5 on Windows/Mac
# - Tk 8.6 on Linux
# - CEF Python v55.3+
#
# Known issue on Linux: When typing url, mouse must be over url
# entry widget otherwise keyboard focus is lost (Issue #255
# and Issue #284).
# Other focus issues discussed in Issue #535.
from tkinter import ttk
from tkinter.scrolledtext import ScrolledText

from cefpython3 import cefpython as cef
import ctypes

try:
    import tkinter as tk
except ImportError:
    import Tkinter as tk
import sys
import os
import platform
import logging as _logging

# Fix for PyCharm hints warnings
WindowUtils = cef.WindowUtils()

# Platforms
WINDOWS = (platform.system() == "Windows")
LINUX = (platform.system() == "Linux")
MAC = (platform.system() == "Darwin")

# Globals
logger = _logging.getLogger("tkinter_.py")

# Constants
# Tk 8.5 doesn't support png images
IMAGE_EXT = ".png" if tk.TkVersion > 8.5 else ".gif"

def seturl(uurl):
    url = uurl
seturl("www.google.com")

def main():
    logger.setLevel(_logging.DEBUG)
    stream_handler = _logging.StreamHandler()
    formatter = _logging.Formatter("[%(filename)s] %(message)s")
    stream_handler.setFormatter(formatter)
    logger.addHandler(stream_handler)
    logger.info("CEF Python {ver}".format(ver=cef.__version__))
    logger.info("Python {ver} {arch}".format(ver=platform.python_version(), arch=platform.architecture()[0]))
    logger.info("Tk {ver}".format(ver=tk.Tcl().eval('info patchlevel')))
    assert cef.__version__ >= "55.3", "CEF Python v55.3+ required to run this"
    sys.excepthook = cef.ExceptHook  # To shutdown all CEF processes on error
    # Tk must be initialized before CEF otherwise fatal error (Issue #306)
    root = tk.Tk()

    w, h = root.winfo_screenwidth(), root.winfo_screenheight()
    root.geometry("%dx%d+0+0" % (w, h))
    root.title("browser")

    app = MainFrame(root)

    frm_main = ttk.Frame(app)
    frm_main.grid()



    frm_window_left = ttk.Frame(frm_main)
    frm_window_left.grid(column=0, row=0)

    frmbrowser = ttk.Frame(frm_main)
    frmbrowser.grid(column=1, row=0)

    frm_window_right = ttk.Frame(frm_main)
    frm_window_right.grid(column=2, row=0)

    ttk.Label(frm_window_left, text=":::::::::::::left:::::::::::::").grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, pady=10)
    ttk.Button(frm_window_left, text="url1_L", command=seturl("https://outlook.com/")).grid(column=0, row=1, padx=10,pady=10, ipady=35)
    ttk.Button(frm_window_left, text="url2_L", command=seturl("https://www.Facebook.com")).grid(column=0, row=2,padx=10, pady=10,ipady=35)


    ttk.Label(frm_window_right, text=":::::::::::::right:::::::::::::").grid(column=0, row=0, padx=10, pady=10)
    ttk.Button(frm_window_right, text="url1_R", command=seturl("https://www.google.com/")).grid(column=0, row=1,padx=10, pady=10, ipady=35)
    ttk.Button(frm_window_right, text="url2_R", command=seturl("https://www.daniweb.com/")).grid(column=0, row=2, padx=10, pady=10,ipady=35)


    settings = {}
    if MAC:
        settings["external_message_pump"] = True
    cef.Initialize(settings=settings)
    app.mainloop()
    logger.debug("Main loop exited")
    cef.Shutdown()


class MainFrame(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, frmbrowser):
        self.browser_frame = None
        self.navigation_bar = None
        self.frmbrowser = frmbrowser

        # frmbrowser
        frmbrowser.geometry("900x640")
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(frmbrowser, 2, weight=1)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(frmbrowser, 1, weight=1)

        # MainFrame
        tk.Frame.__init__(self, frmbrowser)
        self.master.title("Tkinter example")
        self.master.protocol("WM_DELETE_WINDOW", self.on_close)
        self.master.bind("<Configure>", self.on_frmbrowser_configure)
        self.setup_icon()
        self.bind("<Configure>", self.on_configure)
        self.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_focus_in)
        self.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_focus_out)

        # NavigationBar
        self.navigation_bar = NavigationBar(self)
        self.navigation_bar.grid(row=0, column=0,
                                 sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 0, weight=0)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 0, weight=0)

        # BrowserFrame
        self.browser_frame = BrowserFrame(self, self.navigation_bar)
        self.browser_frame.grid(row=1, column=1,
                                sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 1, weight=1)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 0, weight=1)

        # Pack MainFrame
        self.grid()
        #pack(fill=tk.BOTH, expand=tk.YES)

    def on_frmbrowser_configure(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_frmbrowser_configure")
        if self.browser_frame:
            self.browser_frame.on_frmbrowser_configure()

    def on_configure(self, event):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_configure")
        if self.browser_frame:
            width = event.width
            height = event.height
            if self.navigation_bar:
                height = height - self.navigation_bar.winfo_height()
            self.browser_frame.on_mainframe_configure(width, height)

    def on_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_focus_in")

    def on_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("MainFrame.on_focus_out")

    def on_close(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            self.browser_frame.on_frmbrowser_close()
            self.browser_frame = None
        else:
            self.master.destroy()

    def get_browser(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            return self.browser_frame.browser
        return None

    def get_browser_frame(self):
        if self.browser_frame:
            return self.browser_frame
        return None

    def setup_icon(self):
        resources = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "resources")
        icon_path = os.path.join(resources, "tkinter" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(icon_path):
            self.icon = tk.PhotoImage(file=icon_path)
            # noinspection PyProtectedMember
            self.master.call("wm", "iconphoto", self.master._w, self.icon)


class BrowserFrame(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, mainframe, navigation_bar=None):
        self.navigation_bar = navigation_bar
        self.closing = False
        self.browser = None
        tk.Frame.__init__(self, mainframe)
        self.mainframe = mainframe
        self.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_focus_in)
        self.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_focus_out)
        self.bind("<Configure>", self.on_configure)
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        self.focus_set()

    def embed_browser(self):
        window_info = cef.WindowInfo()
        rect = [0, 0, self.winfo_width(), self.winfo_height()]
        window_info.SetAsChild(self.get_window_handle(), rect)
        self.browser = cef.CreateBrowserSync(window_info, url="https://www.google.com/")
        assert self.browser
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(LifespanHandler(self))
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(LoadHandler(self))
        self.browser.SetClientHandler(FocusHandler(self))
        self.message_loop_work()

    def get_window_handle(self):
        if MAC:
            # Do not use self.winfo_id() on Mac, because of these issues:
            # 1. Window id sometimes has an invalid negative value (Issue #308).
            # 2. Even with valid window id it crashes during the call to NSView.setAutoresizingMask:
            #    https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/309#issuecomment-661094466
            #
            # To fix it using PyObjC package to obtain window handle. If you change structure of windows then you
            # need to do modifications here as well.
            #
            # There is still one issue with this solution. Sometimes there is more than one window, for example when application
            # didn't close cleanly last time Python displays an NSAlert window asking whether to Reopen that window. In such
            # case app will crash and you will see in console:
            # > Fatal Python error: PyEval_RestoreThread: NULL tstate
            # > zsh: abort      python tkinter_.py
            # Error messages related to this: https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/441
            #
            # There is yet another issue that might be related as well:
            # https://github.com/cztomczak/cefpython/issues/583

            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            from AppKit import NSApp
            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            import objc
            logger.info("winfo_id={}".format(self.winfo_id()))
            # noinspection PyUnresolvedReferences
            content_view = objc.pyobjc_id(NSApp.windows()[-1].contentView())
            logger.info("content_view={}".format(content_view))
            return content_view
        elif self.winfo_id() > 0:
            return self.winfo_id()
        else:
            raise Exception("Couldn't obtain window handle")

    def message_loop_work(self):
        cef.MessageLoopWork()
        self.after(10, self.message_loop_work)

    def on_configure(self, _):
        if not self.browser:
            self.embed_browser()

    def on_frmbrowser_configure(self):
        # frmbrowser <Configure> event will be called when top window is moved
        if self.browser:
            self.browser.NotifyMoveOrResizeStarted()

    def on_mainframe_configure(self, width, height):
        if self.browser:
            if WINDOWS:
                ctypes.windll.user32.SetWindowPos(
                    self.browser.GetWindowHandle(), 0,
                    0, 0, width, height, 0x0002)
            elif LINUX:
                self.browser.SetBounds(0, 0, width, height)
            self.browser.NotifyMoveOrResizeStarted()

    def on_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("BrowserFrame.on_focus_in")
        if self.browser:
            self.browser.SetFocus(True)

    def on_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("BrowserFrame.on_focus_out")
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        if LINUX and self.browser:
            self.browser.SetFocus(False)

    def on_frmbrowser_close(self):
        logger.info("BrowserFrame.on_frmbrowser_close")
        if self.browser:
            logger.debug("CloseBrowser")
            self.browser.CloseBrowser(True)
            self.clear_browser_references()
        else:
            logger.debug("tk.Frame.destroy")
            self.destroy()

    def clear_browser_references(self):
        # Clear browser references that you keep anywhere in your
        # code. All references must be cleared for CEF to shutdown cleanly.
        self.browser = None


class LifespanHandler(object):

    def __init__(self, tkFrame):
        self.tkFrame = tkFrame

    def OnBeforeClose(self, browser, **_):
        logger.debug("LifespanHandler.OnBeforeClose")
        self.tkFrame.quit()


class LoadHandler(object):

    def __init__(self, browser_frame):
        self.browser_frame = browser_frame

    def OnLoadStart(self, browser, **_):
        if self.browser_frame.master.navigation_bar:
            self.browser_frame.master.navigation_bar.set_url(browser.GetUrl())


class FocusHandler(object):
    """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """

    def __init__(self, browser_frame):
        self.browser_frame = browser_frame

    def OnTakeFocus(self, next_component, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnTakeFocus, next={next}"
                     .format(next=next_component))

    def OnSetFocus(self, source, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnSetFocus, source={source}"
                     .format(source=source))
        if LINUX:
            return False
        else:
            return True

    def OnGotFocus(self, **_):
        logger.debug("FocusHandler.OnGotFocus")
        if LINUX:
            self.browser_frame.focus_set()


class NavigationBar(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self, master):
        self.back_state = tk.NONE
        self.forward_state = tk.NONE
        self.back_image = None
        self.forward_image = None
        self.reload_image = None

        tk.Frame.__init__(self, master)
        resources = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "resources")

        # Back button
        back_png = os.path.join(resources, "back" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(back_png):
            self.back_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=back_png)
        self.back_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.back_image,
                                     command=self.go_back)
        self.back_button.grid(row=0, column=0)

        # Forward button
        forward_png = os.path.join(resources, "forward" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(forward_png):
            self.forward_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=forward_png)
        self.forward_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.forward_image,
                                        command=self.go_forward)
        self.forward_button.grid(row=0, column=1)

        # Reload button
        reload_png = os.path.join(resources, "reload" + IMAGE_EXT)
        if os.path.exists(reload_png):
            self.reload_image = tk.PhotoImage(file=reload_png)
        self.reload_button = tk.Button(self, image=self.reload_image,
                                       command=self.reload)
        self.reload_button.grid(row=0, column=2)

        # Url entry
        self.url_entry = tk.Entry(self)
        self.url_entry.bind("<FocusIn>", self.on_url_focus_in)
        self.url_entry.bind("<FocusOut>", self.on_url_focus_out)
        self.url_entry.bind("<Return>", self.on_load_url)
        self.url_entry.bind("<Button-1>", self.on_button1)
        self.url_entry.grid(row=0, column=3,
                            sticky=(tk.N + tk.S + tk.E + tk.W))
        tk.Grid.rowconfigure(self, 0, weight=100)
        tk.Grid.columnconfigure(self, 3, weight=100)

        # Update state of buttons
        self.update_state()

    def go_back(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().GoBack()

    def go_forward(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().GoForward()

    def reload(self):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().Reload()

    def set_url(self, url):
        self.url_entry.delete(0, tk.END)
        self.url_entry.insert(0, url)

    def on_url_focus_in(self, _):
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_url_focus_in")

    def on_url_focus_out(self, _):
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_url_focus_out")

    def on_load_url(self, _):
        if self.master.get_browser():
            self.master.get_browser().StopLoad()
            self.master.get_browser().LoadUrl(self.url_entry.get())

    def on_button1(self, _):
        """For focus problems see Issue #255 and Issue #535. """
        logger.debug("NavigationBar.on_button1")
        self.master.master.focus_force()

    def update_state(self):
        browser = self.master.get_browser()
        if not browser:
            if self.back_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.back_state = tk.DISABLED
            if self.forward_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.forward_state = tk.DISABLED
            self.after(100, self.update_state)
            return
        if browser.CanGoBack():
            if self.back_state != tk.NORMAL:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.NORMAL)
                self.back_state = tk.NORMAL
        else:
            if self.back_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.back_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.back_state = tk.DISABLED
        if browser.CanGoForward():
            if self.forward_state != tk.NORMAL:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.NORMAL)
                self.forward_state = tk.NORMAL
        else:
            if self.forward_state != tk.DISABLED:
                self.forward_button.config(state=tk.DISABLED)
                self.forward_state = tk.DISABLED
        self.after(100, self.update_state)


class Tabs(tk.Frame):

    def __init__(self):
        tk.Frame.__init__(self)
        # TODO: implement tabs


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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