Hi Everyone,

I am trying to create a login page for my "intranet" site that is authenicated via a MySQL database and Apache. I am having difficulty on where to start and how to carry the session information from the login to the other pages, i.e. for submitions etc. Can anyone help me with a basic code that will perform the functions below:

1. Login the user in - Authenticated against the data.
2. Carry session data from one page to anther so I can track using usernames that are logged in.
3. Identify how many users are currently logged in.
4. Not allow users to access any pages unless they are logged in.

I would really appreciate the help with this. Eagerly awaiting your helpful replies ... Thanks

This should get you started. The code is from this tutorial which I used when I created my first login script. Obviously it will require some editing for connecting to your database and retrieving user information from your tables etc.

I'd also look into using a stronger encryption algorithm for passwords rather than using MD5.



 * Checks whether or not the given username is in the
 * database, if so it checks if the given password is
 * the same password in the database for that user.
 * If the user doesn't exist or if the passwords don't
 * match up, it returns an error code (1 or 2). 
 * On success it returns 0.
function confirmUser($username, $password){
   global $conn;
   /* Add slashes if necessary (for query) */
   if(!get_magic_quotes_gpc()) {
	$username = addslashes($username);

   /* Verify that user is in database */
   $q = "select password from users where username = '$username'";
   $result = mysql_query($q,$conn);
   if(!$result || (mysql_numrows($result) < 1)){
      return 1; //Indicates username failure

   /* Retrieve password from result, strip slashes */
   $dbarray = mysql_fetch_array($result);
   $dbarray['password']  = stripslashes($dbarray['password']);
   $password = stripslashes($password);

   /* Validate that password is correct */
   if($password == $dbarray['password']){
      return 0; //Success! Username and password confirmed
      return 2; //Indicates password failure

 * checkLogin - Checks if the user has already previously
 * logged in, and a session with the user has already been
 * established. Also checks to see if user has been remembered.
 * If so, the database is queried to make sure of the user's 
 * authenticity. Returns true if the user has logged in.
function checkLogin(){
   /* Check if user has been remembered */
   if(isset($_COOKIE['cookname']) && isset($_COOKIE['cookpass'])){
      $_SESSION['username'] = $_COOKIE['cookname'];
      $_SESSION['password'] = $_COOKIE['cookpass'];

   /* Username and password have been set */
   if(isset($_SESSION['username']) && isset($_SESSION['password'])){
      /* Confirm that username and password are valid */
      if(confirmUser($_SESSION['username'], $_SESSION['password']) != 0){
         /* Variables are incorrect, user not logged in */
         return false;
      return true;
   /* User not logged in */
      return false;

 * Determines whether or not to display the login
 * form or to show the user that he is logged in
 * based on if the session variables are set.
function displayLogin(){
   global $logged_in;
      echo "<h1>Logged In!</h1>";
      echo "Welcome <b>$_SESSION[username]</b>, you are logged in. <a href=\"logout.php\">Logout</a>";

<form action="" method="post">
<table align="left" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3">
<tr><td>Username:</td><td><input type="text" name="user" maxlength="30"></td></tr>
<tr><td>Password:</td><td><input type="password" name="pass" maxlength="30"></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="2" align="left"><input type="checkbox" name="remember">
<font size="2">Remember me next time</td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="2" align="right"><input type="submit" name="sublogin" value="Login"></td></tr>
<tr><td colspan="2" align="left"><a href="register.php">Join</a></td></tr>


 * Checks to see if the user has submitted his
 * username and password through the login form,
 * if so, checks authenticity in database and
 * creates session.
   /* Check that all fields were typed in */
   if(!$_POST['user'] || !$_POST['pass']){
      die('You didn\'t fill in a required field.');
   /* Spruce up username, check length */
   $_POST['user'] = trim($_POST['user']);
   if(strlen($_POST['user']) > 30){
      die("Sorry, the username is longer than 30 characters, please shorten it.");

   /* Checks that username is in database and password is correct */
   $md5pass = md5($_POST['pass']);
   $result = confirmUser($_POST['user'], $md5pass);

   /* Check error codes */
   if($result == 1){
      die('That username doesn\'t exist in our database.');
   else if($result == 2){
      die('Incorrect password, please try again.');

   /* Username and password correct, register session variables */
   $_POST['user'] = stripslashes($_POST['user']);
   $_SESSION['username'] = $_POST['user'];
   $_SESSION['password'] = $md5pass;

    * This is the cool part: the user has requested that we remember that
    * he's logged in, so we set two cookies. One to hold his username,
    * and one to hold his md5 encrypted password. We set them both to
    * expire in 100 days. Now, next time he comes to our site, we will
    * log him in automatically.
      setcookie("cookname", $_SESSION['username'], time()+60*60*24*100, "/");
      setcookie("cookpass", $_SESSION['password'], time()+60*60*24*100, "/");

   /* Quick self-redirect to avoid resending data on refresh */
   echo "<meta http-equiv=\"Refresh\" content=\"0;url=$HTTP_SERVER_VARS[PHP_SELF]\">";

/* Sets the value of the logged_in variable, which can be used in your code */
$logged_in = checkLogin();

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