We have a php page inserting into mysql db. The problem all the tables in mysql we have been just using the default collation and character set as the latin1_swedish_ci. All have been working well where I can insert russian character and view it well. But I notice in the db is stored in this format the russian characters e.g Ð”Ð¾ÑÑ‚Ð°Ð²ÐºÐ° Ð³Ñ€ÑƒÐ·Ð°. The issue now we also have java based backend system which reads from the db and read as this only Ð”Ð¾ÑÑ‚Ð°Ð²ÐºÐ° Ð³Ñ€ÑƒÐ·Ð° ? So what is the resolution to this problem. I know is encoding issue.