0

this is in an opengl guide and it wont work?? i keep getting errors at the end where the code starts to proclame the if (! statments!

heres the code thx...

/*      Steven Billington
        January 13, 2003
        May 26, 2003 - UPDATE
        RobotOGL.cpp
        rod@cprogramming.com

        The following program creates a window and then
        uses multiple OpenGL functions to display a
        animated robot constructed of different size
        cubes. To compile this code you must make the
        proper library links in project--->settings.

        I apologize for any amount of scatterd code or
        mis-formatting that printing this may occur. Please
        feel free to email me at the address above for the .cpp
        file.
*/

/*      These are what we refer to as Pre-processor
        Directives. In order for certain functions in
        C++ to operate you must include certain header
        files. Each header file below contains different
        functions needed throughout this program.
*/

#pragma comment(linker, "/subsystem:windows")

#include <windows.h>
#include <gl/gl.h>
#include <gl/glu.h>
#include <gl/glaux.h>

/*      Here we find a few global variables. While
        i don't really like to use global variables,
        i found them very handy for this particular
        program. These variables will control angles,
        fullscreen, and the global device context.
*/

HDC g_HDC;
float angle = 0.0f;
float legAngle[2] = {0.0f, 0.0f};
float armAngle[2] = {0.0f, 0.0f};
bool fullScreen = false;

/*      Function:       DrawCube
        Purpose:        As the name would suggest, this is
                                the function for drawing the cubes.
*/

void DrawCube(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
        glBegin(GL_POLYGON);

                /*      This is the top face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

                /*      This is the front face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);

                /*      This is the right face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);

                /*      This is the left face*/
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);

                /*      This is the bottom face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);

                /*      This is the back face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);

        glEnd();
        glPopMatrix();
}

/*      Function:       DrawArm
        Purpose:        This function draws the arm
                                for the robot.
*/

void DrawArm(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      Sets color to red*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);

                /*      Creates 1 x 4 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(1.0f, 4.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

        glPopMatrix();
}

/*      Function:       DrawHead
        Purpose:        This function will create the
                                head for the robot.
*/

void DrawHead(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      Sets color to white*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);

                /*      Creates 2 x 2 x 2 cube*/
                glScalef(2.0f, 2.0f, 2.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

        glPopMatrix();
}

/*      Function:       DrawTorso
        Purpose:        Function will do as suggested
                                and draw a torso for our robot.
*/

void DrawTorso(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      Sets color to blue*/
                glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);

                /*      Creates 3 x 5 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(3.0f, 5.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

        glPopMatrix();
}

/*      Function:       DrawLeg
        Purpose:        Not to sound repetitve, but as suggested
                                this function will draw our robots legs.
*/

void DrawLeg(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      Sets color to yellow*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);

                /*      Creates 1 x 5 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(1.0f, 5.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

        glPopMatrix();
}

/*      Function:       DrawRobot
        Purpose:        Function to draw our entire robot
*/

void DrawRobot(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        /*      Variables for state of robots legs. True
                means the leg is forward, and False means
                the leg is back. The same applies to the
                robots arm states.
        */
        static bool leg1 = true;
        static bool leg2 = false;
        static bool arm1 = true;
        static bool arm2 = false;

        glPushMatrix();

                /*      This will draw our robot at the
                        desired coordinates.
                */
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);

                /*      These three lines will draw the
                        various components of our robot.
                */
                DrawHead(1.0f, 2.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawTorso(1.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glPushMatrix();


                /*      If the arm is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle; otherwise, we will decrease the
                        angle.
                */
                if (arm1)
                {
                        armAngle[0] = armAngle[0] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        armAngle[0] = armAngle[0] - 1.0f;
                }

                /*      Once the arm has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (armAngle[0] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        arm1 = false;
                }
                if (armAngle[0] <= 15.0f)
                {
                        arm1 = true;
                }


                /*      Here we are going to move the arm away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(armAngle[0], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawArm(2.5f, 0.0f, -0.5f);

        glPopMatrix();

        glPushMatrix();


                /*      If the arm is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle, otherwise we will decrease the
                        angle
                */
                if (arm2)
                {
                        armAngle[1] = armAngle[1] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        armAngle[1] = armAngle[1] - 1.0f;
                }

                /*      Here we are going to move the arm away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(armAngle[1], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawArm(-1.5f, 0.0f, -0.5f);

        glPopMatrix();

        /*      Now its time to rotate the legs relative to the
                robots position in the world, this is the first
                leg, ie the right one.
        */
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      If the leg is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle; otherwise, we will decrease the
                        angle.
                */
                if (leg1)
                {
                        legAngle[0] = legAngle[0] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        legAngle[0] = legAngle[0] - 1.0f;
                }

                /*      Once the leg has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (legAngle[0] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        leg1 = false;
                }
                if (legAngle[0] <= -15.0f)
                {
                        leg1 = true;
                }


                /*      Here we are going to move the leg away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(legAngle[0], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);


                /*      Time to draw the leg.
                */
                DrawLeg(-0.5f, -5.0f, -0.5f);

        glPopMatrix();

        /*      Same as above, for the left leg.
        */
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      If the leg is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle, otherwise we will decrease the
                        angle
                */
                if (leg2)
                {
                        legAngle[1] = legAngle[1] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        legAngle[1] = legAngle[1] - 1.0f;
                }

                /*      Once the leg has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (legAngle[1] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        leg2 = false;
                }
                if (legAngle[1] <= -15.0f)
                {
                        leg2 = true;
                }

                /*      Here we are going to move the leg away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(legAngle[1], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawLeg(1.5f, -5.0f, -0.5f);

        glPopMatrix();

        glPopMatrix();

}

/*      Function:       Render
        Purpose:        This function will be responsible
                                for the rendering, got to love my
                                descriptive function names : )
*/
void Render()
{
        /*      Enable depth testing
        */
        glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

        /*      Heres our rendering. Clears the screen
                to black, clear the color and depth
                buffers, and reset our modelview matrix.
        */
        glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
        glLoadIdentity();

        /*      Increase rotation angle counter
        */
        angle = angle + 1.0f;

        /*      Reset after we have completed a circle
        */
        if (angle >= 360.0f)
        {
                angle = 0.0f;
        }

        glPushMatrix();
                glLoadIdentity();

                /*      Move to 0,0,-30 , rotate the robot on
                        its y axis, draw the robot, and dispose
                        of the current matrix.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, 0.0f, -30.0f);
                glRotatef(angle, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawRobot(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();

        glFlush();

        /*      Bring back buffer to foreground
        */
        SwapBuffers(g_HDC);
}

//function to set the pixel format for the device context
/*      Function:       SetupPixelFormat
        Purpose:        This function will be responsible
                                for setting the pixel format for the
                                device context.
*/
void SetupPixelFormat(HDC hDC)
{
        /*      Pixel format index
        */
        int nPixelFormat;

        static PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd = {
                sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR),          //size of structure
                1,                                      //default version
                PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW |                    //window drawing support
                PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL |                    //opengl support
                PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER,                       //double buffering support
                PFD_TYPE_RGBA,                          //RGBA color mode
                32,                                     //32 bit color mode
                0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,                       //ignore color bits
                0,                                      //no alpha buffer
                0,                                      //ignore shift bit
                0,                                      //no accumulation buffer
                0, 0, 0, 0,                             //ignore accumulation bits
                16,                                     //16 bit z-buffer size
                0,                                      //no stencil buffer
                0,                                      //no aux buffer
                PFD_MAIN_PLANE,                         //main drawing plane
                0,                                      //reserved
                0, 0, 0 };                              //layer masks ignored

                /*      Choose best matching format*/
                nPixelFormat = ChoosePixelFormat(hDC, &pfd);

                /*      Set the pixel format to the device context*/
                SetPixelFormat(hDC, nPixelFormat, &pfd);
}

/*      Windows Event Procedure Handler
*/
LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
        /*      Rendering and Device Context
                variables are declared here.
        */
        static HGLRC hRC;
        static HDC hDC;

        /*      Width and Height for the
                window our robot is to be
                displayed in.
        */
        int width, height;

        switch(message)
        {
                case WM_CREATE: //window being created

                        hDC = GetDC(hwnd);  //get current windows device context
                        g_HDC = hDC;
                        SetupPixelFormat(hDC); //call our pixel format setup function

                        /*      Create rendering context and make it current
                        */
                        hRC = wglCreateContext(hDC);
                        wglMakeCurrent(hDC, hRC);

                        return 0;
                        break;

                case WM_CLOSE:  //window is closing

                        /*      Deselect rendering context and delete it*/
                        wglMakeCurrent(hDC, NULL);
                        wglDeleteContext(hRC);

                        /*      Send quit message to queue*/
                        PostQuitMessage(0);

                        return 0;
                        break;

                case WM_SIZE:

                        /*      Retrieve width and height*/
                        height = HIWORD(lParam);
                        width = LOWORD(lParam);

                        /*      Don't want a divide by 0*/
                        if (height == 0)
                        {
                                height = 1;
                        }

                        /*      Reset the viewport to new dimensions*/
                        glViewport(0, 0, width, height);

                        /*      Set current Matrix to projection*/
                        glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
                        glLoadIdentity(); //reset projection matrix

                        /*      Time to calculate aspect ratio of
                                our window.
                        */
                        gluPerspective(54.0f, (GLfloat)width/(GLfloat)height, 1.0f, 1000.0f);

                        glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW); //set modelview matrix
                        glLoadIdentity(); //reset modelview matrix

                        return 0;
                        break;

                default:

                        break;
        }

        return (DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam));
}

int APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance,
                     HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                     LPSTR     lpCmdLine,
                     int       nCmdShow)
{
        WNDCLASSEX windowClass; //window class
        HWND    hwnd;                   //window handle
        MSG             msg;                    //message
        bool    done;                   //flag for completion of app
        DWORD   dwExStyle;              //window extended style
        DWORD   dwStyle;                //window style
        RECT    windowRect;

        /*      Screen/display attributes*/
        int width = 800;
        int height = 600;
        int bits = 32;

        windowRect.left =(long)0;               //set left value to 0
        windowRect.right =(long)width;  //set right value to requested width
        windowRect.top =(long)0;                //set top value to 0
        windowRect.bottom =(long)height;//set bottom value to requested height

        /*      Fill out the window class structure*/
        windowClass.cbSize                      = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX);
        windowClass.style                       = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
        windowClass.lpfnWndProc         = WndProc;
        windowClass.cbClsExtra          = 0;
        windowClass.cbWndExtra          = 0;
        windowClass.hInstance           = hInstance;
        windowClass.hIcon                       = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
        windowClass.hCursor                     = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
        windowClass.hbrBackground       = NULL;
        windowClass.lpszMenuName        = NULL;
        windowClass.lpszClassName       = "MyClass";
        windowClass.hIconSm                     = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);

        /*      Register window class*/
        if (!RegisterClassEx(&windowClass))
        {
                return 0;
        }

        /*      Check if fullscreen is on*/
        if (fullScreen)
        {
                DEVMODE dmScreenSettings;
                memset(&dmScreenSettings, 0, sizeof(dmScreenSettings));
                dmScreenSettings.dmSize = sizeof(dmScreenSettings);
                dmScreenSettings.dmPelsWidth = width;   //screen width
                dmScreenSettings.dmPelsHeight = height; //screen height
                dmScreenSettings.dmBitsPerPel = bits;   //bits per pixel
                dmScreenSettings.dmFields = DM_BITSPERPEL | DM_PELSWIDTH | DM_PELSHEIGHT;

                if (ChangeDisplaySettings(&dmScreenSettings, CDS_FULLSCREEN !=
                                                                  DISP_CHANGE_SUCCESSFUL))
                {
                        /*      Setting display mode failed, switch to windowed*/
                        MessageBox(NULL, "Display mode failed", NULL, MB_OK);
                        fullScreen = false;
                }
        }

        /*      Check if fullscreen is still on*/
        if (fullScreen)
        {
                dwExStyle = WS_EX_APPWINDOW;    //window extended style
                dwStyle = WS_POPUP;                             //windows style
                ShowCursor(FALSE);                              //hide mouse pointer
        }

        else
        {
                dwExStyle = WS_EX_APPWINDOW | WS_EX_WINDOWEDGE; //window extended style
                dwStyle = WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW;                                  //windows style
        }

        AdjustWindowRectEx(&windowRect, dwStyle, FALSE, dwExStyle);

        /*      Class registerd, so now create our window*/
        hwnd = CreateWindowEx(NULL, "MyClass",  //class name
                                                  "OpenGL Robot",       //app name
                                                  dwStyle |
                                                  WS_CLIPCHILDREN |
                                                  WS_CLIPSIBLINGS,
                                                  0, 0,                         //x and y coords
                                                  windowRect.right - windowRect.left,
                                                  windowRect.bottom - windowRect.top,//width, height
                                                  NULL,                 //handle to parent
                                                  NULL,                 //handle to menu
                                                  hInstance,    //application instance
                                                  NULL);                //no xtra params

        /*      Check if window creation failed (hwnd = null ?)*/
        if (!hwnd)
        {
                return 0;
        }

        ShowWindow(hwnd, SW_SHOW);      //display window
        UpdateWindow(hwnd);                     //update window

        done = false;   //initialize loop condition variable

        /*      Main message loop*/
        while (!done)
        {
                PeekMessage(&msg, hwnd, NULL, NULL, PM_REMOVE);

                        if (msg.message == WM_QUIT)     //did we revieve a quit message?
                        {
                                done = true;
                        }

                        else
                        {
                                Render();
                                TranslateMessage(&msg);
                                DispatchMessage(&msg);
                        }
        }

        if (fullScreen)
        {
                ChangeDisplaySettings(NULL, 0);
                ShowCursor(TRUE);
        }

        return msg.wParam;

}

i hope someone knows open gl enough to help me...


im using devc++...

4
Contributors
22
Replies
23
Views
11 Years
Discussion Span
Last Post by WolfPack
0

What are the error messages? Have you configured the OpenGL and DevC++ environments properly?

open gl enviroment i thought that it was built in to every computers subproceses???:?:

0

The OpenGL.dll and glu.dll is distributed with the Windows OS. The header files are usually distributed with the compiler. But you will have to get the GLUT header and dll files yourself.

Just tell me the error messages you are getting.

0

ARRG...
this is the error...

\DOCUME~1\KARL~1.BEC\LOCALS~1\Temp\Temporary Directory 2 for lesson01[1].zip\Lesson01\Lesson1.cpp C:\DOCUME~1\KARL~1.BEC\LOCALS~1\Temp\Temporary Directory 2 for lesson01[1].zip\Lesson01\C gl\glaux.h: No such file or directory.

this is the code...

/*
* This Code Was Created By Jeff Molofee 2000
* A HUGE Thanks To Fredric Echols For Cleaning Up
* And Optimizing This Code, Making It More Flexible!
* If You've Found This Code Useful, Please Let Me Know.
* Visit My Site At nehe.gamedev.net
*/
#include <windows.h> // Header File For Windows
#include <gl\gl.h> // Header File For The OpenGL32 Library
#include <gl\glu.h> // Header File For The GLu32 Library
#include <gl\glaux.h> // Header File For The Glaux Library
HDC hDC=NULL; // Private GDI Device Context
HGLRC hRC=NULL; // Permanent Rendering Context
HWND hWnd=NULL; // Holds Our Window Handle
HINSTANCE hInstance; // Holds The Instance Of The Application
bool keys[256]; // Array Used For The Keyboard Routine
bool active=TRUE; // Window Active Flag Set To TRUE By Default
bool fullscreen=TRUE; // Fullscreen Flag Set To Fullscreen Mode By Default
LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM); // Declaration For WndProc
GLvoid ReSizeGLScene(GLsizei width, GLsizei height) // Resize And Initialize The GL Window
{
if (height==0) // Prevent A Divide By Zero By
{
height=1; // Making Height Equal One
}
glViewport(0,0,width,height); // Reset The Current Viewport
glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION); // Select The Projection Matrix
glLoadIdentity(); // Reset The Projection Matrix
// Calculate The Aspect Ratio Of The Window
gluPerspective(45.0f,(GLfloat)width/(GLfloat)height,0.1f,100.0f);
glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW); // Select The Modelview Matrix
glLoadIdentity(); // Reset The Modelview Matrix
}
int InitGL(GLvoid) // All Setup For OpenGL Goes Here
{
glShadeModel(GL_SMOOTH); // Enable Smooth Shading
glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.5f); // Black Background
glClearDepth(1.0f); // Depth Buffer Setup
glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST); // Enables Depth Testing
glDepthFunc(GL_LEQUAL); // The Type Of Depth Testing To Do
glHint(GL_PERSPECTIVE_CORRECTION_HINT, GL_NICEST); // Really Nice Perspective Calculations
return TRUE; // Initialization Went OK
}
int DrawGLScene(GLvoid) // Here's Where We Do All The Drawing
{
glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); // Clear Screen And Depth Buffer
glLoadIdentity(); // Reset The Current Modelview Matrix
return TRUE; // Everything Went OK
}
GLvoid KillGLWindow(GLvoid) // Properly Kill The Window
{
if (fullscreen) // Are We In Fullscreen Mode?
{
ChangeDisplaySettings(NULL,0); // If So Switch Back To The Desktop
ShowCursor(TRUE); // Show Mouse Pointer
}
if (hRC) // Do We Have A Rendering Context?
{
if (!wglMakeCurrent(NULL,NULL)) // Are We Able To Release The DC And RC Contexts?
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Release Of DC And RC Failed.","SHUTDOWN ERROR",MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);
}
if (!wglDeleteContext(hRC)) // Are We Able To Delete The RC?
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Release Rendering Context Failed.","SHUTDOWN ERROR",MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);
}
hRC=NULL; // Set RC To NULL
}
if (hDC && !ReleaseDC(hWnd,hDC)) // Are We Able To Release The DC
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Release Device Context Failed.","SHUTDOWN ERROR",MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);
hDC=NULL; // Set DC To NULL
}
if (hWnd && !DestroyWindow(hWnd)) // Are We Able To Destroy The Window?
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Could Not Release hWnd.","SHUTDOWN ERROR",MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);
hWnd=NULL; // Set hWnd To NULL
}
if (!UnregisterClass("OpenGL",hInstance)) // Are We Able To Unregister Class
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Could Not Unregister Class.","SHUTDOWN ERROR",MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);
hInstance=NULL; // Set hInstance To NULL
}
}
/* This Code Creates Our OpenGL Window. Parameters Are: *
* title - Title To Appear At The Top Of The Window *
* width - Width Of The GL Window Or Fullscreen Mode *
* height - Height Of The GL Window Or Fullscreen Mode *
* bits - Number Of Bits To Use For Color (8/16/24/32) *
* fullscreenflag - Use Fullscreen Mode (TRUE) Or Windowed Mode (FALSE) */
 
BOOL CreateGLWindow(char* title, int width, int height, int bits, bool fullscreenflag)
{
GLuint PixelFormat; // Holds The Results After Searching For A Match
WNDCLASS wc; // Windows Class Structure
DWORD dwExStyle; // Window Extended Style
DWORD dwStyle; // Window Style
RECT WindowRect; // Grabs Rectangle Upper Left / Lower Right Values
WindowRect.left=(long)0; // Set Left Value To 0
WindowRect.right=(long)width; // Set Right Value To Requested Width
WindowRect.top=(long)0; // Set Top Value To 0
WindowRect.bottom=(long)height; // Set Bottom Value To Requested Height
fullscreen=fullscreenflag; // Set The Global Fullscreen Flag
hInstance = GetModuleHandle(NULL); // Grab An Instance For Our Window
wc.style = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW | CS_OWNDC; // Redraw On Size, And Own DC For Window.
wc.lpfnWndProc = (WNDPROC) WndProc; // WndProc Handles Messages
wc.cbClsExtra = 0; // No Extra Window Data
wc.cbWndExtra = 0; // No Extra Window Data
wc.hInstance = hInstance; // Set The Instance
wc.hIcon = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO); // Load The Default Icon
wc.hCursor = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW); // Load The Arrow Pointer
wc.hbrBackground = NULL; // No Background Required For GL
wc.lpszMenuName = NULL; // We Don't Want A Menu
wc.lpszClassName = "OpenGL"; // Set The Class Name
if (!RegisterClass(&wc)) // Attempt To Register The Window Class
{
MessageBox(NULL,"Failed To Register The Window Class.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
 
if (fullscreen) // Attempt Fullscreen Mode?
{
DEVMODE dmScreenSettings; // Device Mode
memset(&dmScreenSettings,0,sizeof(dmScreenSettings)); // Makes Sure Memory's Cleared
dmScreenSettings.dmSize=sizeof(dmScreenSettings); // Size Of The Devmode Structure
dmScreenSettings.dmPelsWidth = width; // Selected Screen Width
dmScreenSettings.dmPelsHeight = height; // Selected Screen Height
dmScreenSettings.dmBitsPerPel = bits; // Selected Bits Per Pixel
dmScreenSettings.dmFields=DM_BITSPERPEL|DM_PELSWIDTH|DM_PELSHEIGHT;
// Try To Set Selected Mode And Get Results. NOTE: CDS_FULLSCREEN Gets Rid Of Start Bar.
if (ChangeDisplaySettings(&dmScreenSettings,CDS_FULLSCREEN)!=DISP_CHANGE_SUCCESSFUL)
{
// If The Mode Fails, Offer Two Options. Quit Or Use Windowed Mode.
if (MessageBox(NULL,"The Requested Fullscreen Mode Is Not Supported By\nYour Video Card. Use Windowed Mode Instead?","NeHe GL",MB_YESNO|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION)==IDYES)
{
fullscreen=FALSE; // Windowed Mode Selected. Fullscreen = FALSE
}
else
{
// Pop Up A Message Box Letting User Know The Program Is Closing.
MessageBox(NULL,"Program Will Now Close.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
}
}
if (fullscreen) // Are We Still In Fullscreen Mode?
{
dwExStyle=WS_EX_APPWINDOW; // Window Extended Style
dwStyle=WS_POPUP; // Windows Style
ShowCursor(FALSE); // Hide Mouse Pointer
}
else
{
dwExStyle=WS_EX_APPWINDOW | WS_EX_WINDOWEDGE; // Window Extended Style
dwStyle=WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW; // Windows Style
}
AdjustWindowRectEx(&WindowRect, dwStyle, FALSE, dwExStyle); // Adjust Window To True Requested Size
// Create The Window
if (!(hWnd=CreateWindowEx( dwExStyle, // Extended Style For The Window
"OpenGL", // Class Name
title, // Window Title
dwStyle | // Defined Window Style
WS_CLIPSIBLINGS | // Required Window Style
WS_CLIPCHILDREN, // Required Window Style
0, 0, // Window Position
WindowRect.right-WindowRect.left, // Calculate Window Width
WindowRect.bottom-WindowRect.top, // Calculate Window Height
NULL, // No Parent Window
NULL, // No Menu
hInstance, // Instance
NULL))) // Dont Pass Anything To WM_CREATE
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Window Creation Error.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
static PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd= // pfd Tells Windows How We Want Things To Be
{
sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR), // Size Of This Pixel Format Descriptor
1, // Version Number
PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW | // Format Must Support Window
PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL | // Format Must Support OpenGL
PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER, // Must Support Double Buffering
PFD_TYPE_RGBA, // Request An RGBA Format
bits, // Select Our Color Depth
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, // Color Bits Ignored
0, // No Alpha Buffer
0, // Shift Bit Ignored
0, // No Accumulation Buffer
0, 0, 0, 0, // Accumulation Bits Ignored
16, // 16Bit Z-Buffer (Depth Buffer) 
0, // No Stencil Buffer
0, // No Auxiliary Buffer
PFD_MAIN_PLANE, // Main Drawing Layer
0, // Reserved
0, 0, 0 // Layer Masks Ignored
};
 
if (!(hDC=GetDC(hWnd))) // Did We Get A Device Context?
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Device Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
if (!(PixelFormat=ChoosePixelFormat(hDC,&pfd))) // Did Windows Find A Matching Pixel Format?
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Find A Suitable PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
if(!SetPixelFormat(hDC,PixelFormat,&pfd)) // Are We Able To Set The Pixel Format?
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Set The PixelFormat.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
if (!(hRC=wglCreateContext(hDC))) // Are We Able To Get A Rendering Context?
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Create A GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
if(!wglMakeCurrent(hDC,hRC)) // Try To Activate The Rendering Context
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Can't Activate The GL Rendering Context.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
ShowWindow(hWnd,SW_SHOW); // Show The Window
SetForegroundWindow(hWnd); // Slightly Higher Priority
SetFocus(hWnd); // Sets Keyboard Focus To The Window
ReSizeGLScene(width, height); // Set Up Our Perspective GL Screen
if (!InitGL()) // Initialize Our Newly Created GL Window
{
KillGLWindow(); // Reset The Display
MessageBox(NULL,"Initialization Failed.","ERROR",MB_OK|MB_ICONEXCLAMATION);
return FALSE; // Return FALSE
}
return TRUE; // Success
}
LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc( HWND hWnd, // Handle For This Window
UINT uMsg, // Message For This Window
WPARAM wParam, // Additional Message Information
LPARAM lParam) // Additional Message Information
{
switch (uMsg) // Check For Windows Messages
{
case WM_ACTIVATE: // Watch For Window Activate Message
{
if (!HIWORD(wParam)) // Check Minimization State
{
active=TRUE; // Program Is Active
}
else
{
active=FALSE; // Program Is No Longer Active
}
return 0; // Return To The Message Loop
}
case WM_SYSCOMMAND: // Intercept System Commands
{
switch (wParam) // Check System Calls
{
case SC_SCREENSAVE: // Screensaver Trying To Start?
case SC_MONITORPOWER: // Monitor Trying To Enter Powersave?
return 0; // Prevent From Happening
}
break; // Exit
}
case WM_CLOSE: // Did We Receive A Close Message?
{
PostQuitMessage(0); // Send A Quit Message
return 0; // Jump Back
}
case WM_KEYDOWN: // Is A Key Being Held Down?
{
keys[wParam] = TRUE; // If So, Mark It As TRUE
return 0; // Jump Back
}
case WM_KEYUP: // Has A Key Been Released?
{
keys[wParam] = FALSE; // If So, Mark It As FALSE
return 0; // Jump Back
}
case WM_SIZE: // Resize The OpenGL Window
{
ReSizeGLScene(LOWORD(lParam),HIWORD(lParam)); // LoWord=Width, HiWord=Height
return 0; // Jump Back
}
}
// Pass All Unhandled Messages To DefWindowProc
return DefWindowProc(hWnd,uMsg,wParam,lParam);
}
int WINAPI WinMain( HINSTANCE hInstance, // Instance
HINSTANCE hPrevInstance, // Previous Instance
LPSTR lpCmdLine, // Command Line Parameters
int nCmdShow) // Window Show State
{
MSG msg; // Windows Message Structure
BOOL done=FALSE; // Bool Variable To Exit Loop
// Ask The User Which Screen Mode They Prefer
if (MessageBox(NULL,"Would You Like To Run In Fullscreen Mode?", "Start FullScreen?",MB_YESNO|MB_ICONQUESTION)==IDNO)
{
fullscreen=FALSE; // Windowed Mode
}
// Create Our OpenGL Window
if (!CreateGLWindow("NeHe's OpenGL Framework",640,480,16,fullscreen))
{
return 0; // Quit If Window Was Not Created
}
while(!done) // Loop That Runs While done=FALSE
{
if (PeekMessage(&msg,NULL,0,0,PM_REMOVE)) // Is There A Message Waiting?
{
if (msg.message==WM_QUIT) // Have We Received A Quit Message?
{
done=TRUE; // If So done=TRUE
}
else // If Not, Deal With Window Messages
{
TranslateMessage(&msg); // Translate The Message
DispatchMessage(&msg); // Dispatch The Message
}
}
else // If There Are No Messages
{
// Draw The Scene. Watch For ESC Key And Quit Messages From DrawGLScene()
if (active) // Program Active?
{
if (keys[VK_ESCAPE]) // Was ESC Pressed?
{
done=TRUE; // ESC Signalled A Quit
}
else // Not Time To Quit, Update Screen
{
DrawGLScene(); // Draw The Scene
SwapBuffers(hDC); // Swap Buffers (Double Buffering)
}
}
if (keys[VK_F1]) // Is F1 Being Pressed?
{
keys[VK_F1]=FALSE; // If So Make Key FALSE
KillGLWindow(); // Kill Our Current Window
fullscreen=!fullscreen; // Toggle Fullscreen / Windowed Mode
// Recreate Our OpenGL Window
if (!CreateGLWindow("NeHe's OpenGL Framework",640,480,16,fullscreen))
{
return 0; // Quit If Window Was Not Created
}
}
}
}
// Shutdown
KillGLWindow(); // Kill The Window
return (msg.wParam); // Exit The Program
}

HELP ME!!!!

0

Hmm... I think that the lines of include code

#include <gl\gl.h>
#include <gl\glaux.h>
#include <gl\glu.h>

should actually be

#include <gl/gl.h>
#include <gl/glaux.h>
#include <gl/glu.h>

Try this and see if this works.
Bye.

Regards,
~s.o.s~

0

arrg! ok i did what u said changed the includes and this happens

29 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp gl/glaux.h: No such file or directory.

39 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp `HDC' does not name a type

C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp In function `void Render()':

406 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp `g_HDC' undeclared (first use this function)

406 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp `SwapBuffers' undeclared (first use this function)

ect....about 10more...

the code looks like...

/*      Steven Billington
        January 13, 2003
        May 26, 2003 - UPDATE
        RobotOGL.cpp
        [EMAIL="rod@cprogramming.com"]rod@cprogramming.com[/EMAIL]
        The following program creates a window and then
        uses multiple OpenGL functions to display a
        animated robot constructed of different size
        cubes. To compile this code you must make the
        proper library links in project--->settings.
        I apologize for any amount of scatterd code or
        mis-formatting that printing this may occur. Please
        feel free to email me at the address above for the .cpp
        file.
*/
/*      These are what we refer to as Pre-processor
        Directives. In order for certain functions in
        C++ to operate you must include certain header
        files. Each header file below contains different
        functions needed throughout this program.
*/
#pragma comment(linker, "/subsystem:windows")
#include <gl/gl.h>
#include <gl/glaux.h>
#include <gl/glu.h>
/*      Here we find a few global variables. While
        i don't really like to use global variables,
        i found them very handy for this particular
        program. These variables will control angles,
        fullscreen, and the global device context.
*/
HDC g_HDC;
float angle = 0.0f;
float legAngle[2] = {0.0f, 0.0f};
float armAngle[2] = {0.0f, 0.0f};
bool fullScreen = false;
/*      Function:       DrawCube
        Purpose:        As the name would suggest, this is
                                the function for drawing the cubes.
*/
void DrawCube(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
        glBegin(GL_POLYGON);
                /*      This is the top face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                /*      This is the front face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                /*      This is the right face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                /*      This is the left face*/
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                /*      This is the bottom face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
                /*      This is the back face*/
                glVertex3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(-1.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
                glVertex3f(0.0f, -1.0f, -1.0f);
        glEnd();
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       DrawArm
        Purpose:        This function draws the arm
                                for the robot.
*/
void DrawArm(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      Sets color to red*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);
                /*      Creates 1 x 4 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(1.0f, 4.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       DrawHead
        Purpose:        This function will create the
                                head for the robot.
*/
void DrawHead(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      Sets color to white*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);
                /*      Creates 2 x 2 x 2 cube*/
                glScalef(2.0f, 2.0f, 2.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       DrawTorso
        Purpose:        Function will do as suggested
                                and draw a torso for our robot.
*/
void DrawTorso(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      Sets color to blue*/
                glColor3f(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);
                /*      Creates 3 x 5 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(3.0f, 5.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       DrawLeg
        Purpose:        Not to sound repetitve, but as suggested
                                this function will draw our robots legs.
*/
void DrawLeg(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      Sets color to yellow*/
                glColor3f(1.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);
                /*      Creates 1 x 5 x 1 cube*/
                glScalef(1.0f, 5.0f, 1.0f);
                DrawCube(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       DrawRobot
        Purpose:        Function to draw our entire robot
*/
void DrawRobot(float xPos, float yPos, float zPos)
{
        /*      Variables for state of robots legs. True
                means the leg is forward, and False means
                the leg is back. The same applies to the
                robots arm states.
        */
        static bool leg1 = true;
        static bool leg2 = false;
        static bool arm1 = true;
        static bool arm2 = false;
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      This will draw our robot at the
                        desired coordinates.
                */
                glTranslatef(xPos, yPos, zPos);
                /*      These three lines will draw the
                        various components of our robot.
                */
                DrawHead(1.0f, 2.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawTorso(1.5f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                glPushMatrix();

                /*      If the arm is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle; otherwise, we will decrease the
                        angle.
                */
                if (arm1)
                {
                        armAngle[0] = armAngle[0] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        armAngle[0] = armAngle[0] - 1.0f;
                }
                /*      Once the arm has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (armAngle[0] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        arm1 = false;
                }
                if (armAngle[0] <= 15.0f)
                {
                        arm1 = true;
                }

                /*      Here we are going to move the arm away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(armAngle[0], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawArm(2.5f, 0.0f, -0.5f);
        glPopMatrix();
        glPushMatrix();

                /*      If the arm is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle, otherwise we will decrease the
                        angle
                */
                if (arm2)
                {
                        armAngle[1] = armAngle[1] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        armAngle[1] = armAngle[1] - 1.0f;
                }
                /*      Here we are going to move the arm away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(armAngle[1], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawArm(-1.5f, 0.0f, -0.5f);
        glPopMatrix();
        /*      Now its time to rotate the legs relative to the
                robots position in the world, this is the first
                leg, ie the right one.
        */
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      If the leg is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle; otherwise, we will decrease the
                        angle.
                */
                if (leg1)
                {
                        legAngle[0] = legAngle[0] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        legAngle[0] = legAngle[0] - 1.0f;
                }
                /*      Once the leg has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (legAngle[0] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        leg1 = false;
                }
                if (legAngle[0] <= -15.0f)
                {
                        leg1 = true;
                }

                /*      Here we are going to move the leg away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(legAngle[0], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);

                /*      Time to draw the leg.
                */
                DrawLeg(-0.5f, -5.0f, -0.5f);
        glPopMatrix();
        /*      Same as above, for the left leg.
        */
        glPushMatrix();
                /*      If the leg is moving forward we will increase
                        the angle, otherwise we will decrease the
                        angle
                */
                if (leg2)
                {
                        legAngle[1] = legAngle[1] + 1.0f;
                }
                else
                {
                        legAngle[1] = legAngle[1] - 1.0f;
                }
                /*      Once the leg has reached its max angle
                        in one direction, we want it to reverse
                        and change direction.
                */
                if (legAngle[1] >= 15.0f)
                {
                        leg2 = false;
                }
                if (legAngle[1] <= -15.0f)
                {
                        leg2 = true;
                }
                /*      Here we are going to move the leg away
                        from the torso and rotate. This will
                        create a walking effect.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f);
                glRotatef(legAngle[1], 1.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawLeg(1.5f, -5.0f, -0.5f);
        glPopMatrix();
        glPopMatrix();
}
/*      Function:       Render
        Purpose:        This function will be responsible
                                for the rendering, got to love my
                                descriptive function names : )
*/
void Render()
{
        /*      Enable depth testing
        */
        glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
        /*      Heres our rendering. Clears the screen
                to black, clear the color and depth
                buffers, and reset our modelview matrix.
        */
        glClearColor(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
        glLoadIdentity();
        /*      Increase rotation angle counter
        */
        angle = angle + 1.0f;
        /*      Reset after we have completed a circle
        */
        if (angle >= 360.0f)
        {
                angle = 0.0f;
        }
        glPushMatrix();
                glLoadIdentity();
                /*      Move to 0,0,-30 , rotate the robot on
                        its y axis, draw the robot, and dispose
                        of the current matrix.
                */
                glTranslatef(0.0f, 0.0f, -30.0f);
                glRotatef(angle, 0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f);
                DrawRobot(0.0f, 0.0f, 0.0f);
        glPopMatrix();
        glFlush();
        /*      Bring back buffer to foreground
        */
        SwapBuffers(g_HDC);
}
//function to set the pixel format for the device context
/*      Function:       SetupPixelFormat
        Purpose:        This function will be responsible
                                for setting the pixel format for the
                                device context.
*/
void SetupPixelFormat(HDC hDC)
{
        /*      Pixel format index
        */
        int nPixelFormat;
        static PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR pfd = {
                sizeof(PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR),          //size of structure
                1,                                      //default version
                PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW |                    //window drawing support
                PFD_SUPPORT_OPENGL |                    //opengl support
                PFD_DOUBLEBUFFER,                       //double buffering support
                PFD_TYPE_RGBA,                          //RGBA color mode
                32,                                     //32 bit color mode
                0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,                       //ignore color bits
                0,                                      //no alpha buffer
                0,                                      //ignore shift bit
                0,                                      //no accumulation buffer
                0, 0, 0, 0,                             //ignore accumulation bits
                16,                                     //16 bit z-buffer size
                0,                                      //no stencil buffer
                0,                                      //no aux buffer
                PFD_MAIN_PLANE,                         //main drawing plane
                0,                                      //reserved
                0, 0, 0 };                              //layer masks ignored
                /*      Choose best matching format*/
                nPixelFormat = ChoosePixelFormat(hDC, &pfd);
                /*      Set the pixel format to the device context*/
                SetPixelFormat(hDC, nPixelFormat, &pfd);
}
/*      Windows Event Procedure Handler
*/
LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc(HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
        /*      Rendering and Device Context
                variables are declared here.
        */
        static HGLRC hRC;
        static HDC hDC;
        /*      Width and Height for the
                window our robot is to be
                displayed in.
        */
        int width, height;
        switch(message)
        {
                case WM_CREATE: //window being created
                        hDC = GetDC(hwnd);  //get current windows device context
                        g_HDC = hDC;
                        SetupPixelFormat(hDC); //call our pixel format setup function
                        /*      Create rendering context and make it current
                        */
                        hRC = wglCreateContext(hDC);
                        wglMakeCurrent(hDC, hRC);
                        return 0;
                        break;
                case WM_CLOSE:  //window is closing
                        /*      Deselect rendering context and delete it*/
                        wglMakeCurrent(hDC, NULL);
                        wglDeleteContext(hRC);
                        /*      Send quit message to queue*/
                        PostQuitMessage(0);
                        return 0;
                        break;
                case WM_SIZE:
                        /*      Retrieve width and height*/
                        height = HIWORD(lParam);
                        width = LOWORD(lParam);
                        /*      Don't want a divide by 0*/
                        if (height == 0)
                        {
                                height = 1;
                        }
                        /*      Reset the viewport to new dimensions*/
                        glViewport(0, 0, width, height);
                        /*      Set current Matrix to projection*/
                        glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
                        glLoadIdentity(); //reset projection matrix
                        /*      Time to calculate aspect ratio of
                                our window.
                        */
                        gluPerspective(54.0f, (GLfloat)width/(GLfloat)height, 1.0f, 1000.0f);
                        glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW); //set modelview matrix
                        glLoadIdentity(); //reset modelview matrix
                        return 0;
                        break;
                default:
                        break;
        }
        return (DefWindowProc(hwnd, message, wParam, lParam));
}
int APIENTRY WinMain(HINSTANCE hInstance,
                     HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                     LPSTR     lpCmdLine,
                     int       nCmdShow)
{
        WNDCLASSEX windowClass; //window class
        HWND    hwnd;                   //window handle
        MSG             msg;                    //message
        bool    done;                   //flag for completion of app
        DWORD   dwExStyle;              //window extended style
        DWORD   dwStyle;                //window style
        RECT    windowRect;
        /*      Screen/display attributes*/
        int width = 800;
        int height = 600;
        int bits = 32;
        windowRect.left =(long)0;               //set left value to 0
        windowRect.right =(long)width;  //set right value to requested width
        windowRect.top =(long)0;                //set top value to 0
        windowRect.bottom =(long)height;//set bottom value to requested height
        /*      Fill out the window class structure*/
        windowClass.cbSize                      = sizeof(WNDCLASSEX);
        windowClass.style                       = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW;
        windowClass.lpfnWndProc         = WndProc;
        windowClass.cbClsExtra          = 0;
        windowClass.cbWndExtra          = 0;
        windowClass.hInstance           = hInstance;
        windowClass.hIcon                       = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_APPLICATION);
        windowClass.hCursor                     = LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_ARROW);
        windowClass.hbrBackground       = NULL;
        windowClass.lpszMenuName        = NULL;
        windowClass.lpszClassName       = "MyClass";
        windowClass.hIconSm                     = LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_WINLOGO);
        /*      Register window class*/
        if (!RegisterClassEx(&windowClass))
        {
                return 0;
        }
        /*      Check if fullscreen is on*/
        if (fullScreen)
        {
                DEVMODE dmScreenSettings;
                memset(&dmScreenSettings, 0, sizeof(dmScreenSettings));
                dmScreenSettings.dmSize = sizeof(dmScreenSettings);
                dmScreenSettings.dmPelsWidth = width;   //screen width
                dmScreenSettings.dmPelsHeight = height; //screen height
                dmScreenSettings.dmBitsPerPel = bits;   //bits per pixel
                dmScreenSettings.dmFields = DM_BITSPERPEL | DM_PELSWIDTH | DM_PELSHEIGHT;
                if (ChangeDisplaySettings(&dmScreenSettings, CDS_FULLSCREEN !=
                                                                  DISP_CHANGE_SUCCESSFUL))
                {
                        /*      Setting display mode failed, switch to windowed*/
                        MessageBox(NULL, "Display mode failed", NULL, MB_OK);
                        fullScreen = false;
                }
        }
        /*      Check if fullscreen is still on*/
        if (fullScreen)
        {
                dwExStyle = WS_EX_APPWINDOW;    //window extended style
                dwStyle = WS_POPUP;                             //windows style
                ShowCursor(FALSE);                              //hide mouse pointer
        }
        else
        {
                dwExStyle = WS_EX_APPWINDOW | WS_EX_WINDOWEDGE; //window extended style
                dwStyle = WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW;                                  //windows style
        }
        AdjustWindowRectEx(&windowRect, dwStyle, FALSE, dwExStyle);
        /*      Class registerd, so now create our window*/
        hwnd = CreateWindowEx(NULL, "MyClass",  //class name
                                                  "OpenGL Robot",       //app name
                                                  dwStyle |
                                                  WS_CLIPCHILDREN |
                                                  WS_CLIPSIBLINGS,
                                                  0, 0,                         //x and y coords
                                                  windowRect.right - windowRect.left,
                                                  windowRect.bottom - windowRect.top,//width, height
                                                  NULL,                 //handle to parent
                                                  NULL,                 //handle to menu
                                                  hInstance,    //application instance
                                                  NULL);                //no xtra params
        /*      Check if window creation failed (hwnd = null ?)*/
        if (!hwnd)
        {
                return 0;
        }
        ShowWindow(hwnd, SW_SHOW);      //display window
        UpdateWindow(hwnd);                     //update window
        done = false;   //initialize loop condition variable
        /*      Main message loop*/
        while (!done)
        {
                PeekMessage(&msg, hwnd, NULL, NULL, PM_REMOVE);
                        if (msg.message == WM_QUIT)     //did we revieve a quit message?
                        {
                                done = true;
                        }
                        else
                        {
                                Render();
                                TranslateMessage(&msg);
                                DispatchMessage(&msg);
                        }
        }
        if (fullScreen)
        {
                ChangeDisplaySettings(NULL, 0);
                ShowCursor(TRUE);
        }
        return msg.wParam;
}
0

Just for testing purposes compile and run the code and see if it works.
If you have any errors report them back,

#include <GL/glut.h>


void renderScene(void) {
	glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);
	glBegin(GL_TRIANGLES);
		glVertex3f(-0.5,-0.5,0.0);
		glVertex3f(0.5,0.0,0.0);
		glVertex3f(0.0,0.5,0.0);
	glEnd();
	glFlush();
}

void main(int argc, char **argv) {
	glutInit(&argc, argv);
	glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DEPTH | GLUT_SINGLE | GLUT_RGBA);
	glutInitWindowPosition(100,100);
	glutInitWindowSize(320,320);
	glutCreateWindow("3D Tech- GLUT Tutorial");
	glutDisplayFunc(renderScene);
	glutMainLoop();
}

Bye.

0

ERROR:

1 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp GL/glut.h: No such file or directory.

C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp In function `void renderScene()':

5 C:\Dev-Cpp\main.cpp `GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT' undeclared (first use this function)
(Each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in.)
.ect


the red line is on code...

#include <GL/glut.h>

im starting to wonder if opengl is suported by my computer...

0

AFTER 2-hours of messing around i think i finaly found the error (I THINK)

i beleve that it should be coded in

#include <windows.h>
#include <gl/gl.h>

i wanna test it but its a start!

0

Are u sure u have done the following things :

2.Download glut.
Get glut-3.7.2-dlls.zip (104 Kbytes) or the latest glut version from http://www.xmission.com/~nate/glut.html
3. Unzip glut**dlls.zip.
4. There are two sets of files, one for Microsoft's OpenGL (files with 32 in filenames) and one for SGI's OpenGL (no 32).
5. Copy glut*.dll to
Win 98: windows\system
NT or Win 2K: winnt\system32
6. Copy glut*.lib to Program Files\ MS Visual Studio\VC98\lib\.
7. Copy glut.h to Program Files\ MS Visual Studio\VC98\include\gl.

Chck if the above steps have been performed.

If u still have problems goto this site for instructions:
http://www.lighthouse3d.com/opengl/glut/

0

Devshed is different from visual studio, so don't expect to be using opengl tutorials for visual studio in devshed and get it to work.

:lol:

0

where do i copy if im on xp...

To the Windows\System32 Folder.

6. Copy glut*.lib to Program Files\ MS Visual Studio\VC98\lib\.
7. Copy glut.h to Program Files\ MS Visual Studio\VC98\include\gl.

Ifyou are using devCpp, you will have to change the above instructions to

[LEFT]6. Copy glut*.lib to DevCPP4\Lib\
7. Copy glut.h to DevCPP4\Include\

[/LEFT]

0

ok i did alll of that and it doe not work it still says invalid file or directory!...

0

In your prev post u said it worked, then wat was it that worked ?

Also it would be better if you read the instructions present in the last link i posted to you about configuiring the Dev C++ for OpenGL.

Also it would be better if you elaborate your problem a bit more by giving the code and the exaxt error messages.

Bye.

0

i did that but the program still wont find the directory what should i do?

0

ok i instaled all the stuff but it still doesnt work GRRRR i can get the glut stuff to work but there are no guides fot glut only open gle and the same error keeps hapning!!:-| :-| :-|

0

That link does not work, but this does. Also Check the top two links in this google search.

@wingwarp: By the way, this thread is begining to get on my nerves! So the next time, you say this and that does not work, just make sure that it is not "File or Directory not Found". Because that is due to you not having correct settings, and we have given all the necessary help to rectify that. If you get that error again, you reinstall devCpp, reinstall OpenGL or reinstall the Operating System and start again, I don't care. But if I see the same thing being repeating again and again in this or any other thread, I close it.

This topic has been dead for over six months. Start a new discussion instead.
Have something to contribute to this discussion? Please be thoughtful, detailed and courteous, and be sure to adhere to our posting rules.