Hello people, I have an assignment to do and I have no idea how to do it.
First: I have to modify this program to prompt the use for a word and display how many times that word appeared in the input file. When the user hits RETURN, the program should end.
I put in the obvious second input() function but cannot figure out how to implement it.
""" from hashtable import HashTable, get, keys, put, contains def word_count( filename ): """Report on the frequency of different words in the file named by the argument. """ hTable = HashTable( 19106 ) # Read the words of the text file into the word count table. with open( filename ) as inFile: for line in inFile: for word in line.split(): if contains( hTable, word ): count = get( hTable, word ) put( hTable, word, count + 1 ) else: put( hTable, word, 1 ) # Display the entire table! print( "Unique words:", hTable.size ) # Find the most common word in the text file. total = 0 maxWord = "" maxCount = 0 for key in keys( hTable ): thisCount = get( hTable, key ) total += thisCount if thisCount > maxCount: maxCount = thisCount maxWord = key print( "There are " + str( len( keys( hTable ) ) ) + " words." ) print( "Total words:", total ) print( '"' + maxWord + "\" appeared ", str( maxCount ), " times, more than any other word." ) answer = input( "Do you want to see the entire table?(y/n) " ) if answer == "y": printTable( hTable ) def printTable( hTable ): """Print the contents of the given hash table. Each key/value pair is displayed in parentheses, tuple-style. All pairs appear on a single line. """ print( "Word Count Data\n---------------" ) for key in keys( hTable ): print( "(" + key + "," + str( get( hTable, key ) ) + ")", end + "" ) print( "\n" ) def main(): filename = input( "Enter filename: " ) wordname = input( "Enter word: ") word_count( filename ) main()
Second, I have to modify this hashtable code to use chaining, so basically, if a key hashes to the same location as another, it just gets appended to the list.
class HashTable( object ): """A data structure that contains a collection of values where each value is located by a hashable key. No two values may have the same key, but more than one key may have the same value. """ __slots__ = ( "table", "size" ) def __init__( self, capacity=100 ): """Create a hash table. The capacity parameter determines its initial size. """ self.table = [ None ] * capacity self.size = 0 def __str__( self ): """Return the entire contents of this hash table, one chain of entries per line. """ result = "" for i in range( len( self.table ) ): result += str( i ) + ": " result += str( self.table[i] ) + "\n" return result class _Entry( object ): """A private class used to hold key/value pairs""" __slots__ = ( "key", "value" ) def __init__( self, entryKey, entryValue ): self.key = [entryKey] self.value = [entryValue] def __str__( self ): return "(" + str( self.key ) + ", " + str( self.value ) + ")" def hash_function( val, n ): """Compute a hash of the val string that is in range(0,n).""" # return 0 # return len(val) % n return hash( val ) % n def keys( hTable ): """Return a list of keys in the given hashTable. (It would be better to return a sequence, but that is too advanced.) """ result =  for entry in hTable.table: if entry != None: result.append( entry.key ) return result def _locate( hTable, key ): """Find the entry in the hash table for the given key. If the key is not found, find the first unused location in the table. (This is called 'open addressing'.) If the entry for the key is found, that entry is returned. Otherwise the int index where the key would go in the table is returned. Finally if the key is not found and no unusued locations are left, the int -1 is returned. This function is meant to only be called from within hashtable. Callers of this function must be prepared to deal with results of two different types, unless they are absolutely sure whether the key is in the table or not. """ index = hash_function( key, len( hTable.table ) ) startIndex = index # We must make sure we don't go in circles. while hTable.table[ index ] != None and hTable.table[ index ].key != key: index = ( index + 1 ) % len( hTable.table ) if index == startIndex: return -1 if hTable.table[ index ] == None: return index else: return hTable.table[ index ] def contains( hTable, key ): """Return True if hTable has an entry with the given key.""" entry = _locate( hTable, key ) return isinstance( entry, _Entry ) def put( hTable, key, value ): """Using the given hash table, set the given key to the given value. If the key already exists, the given value will replace the previous one already in the table. If the table is full, an Exception is raised. """ entry = _locate( hTable, key ) if isinstance( entry, int ): # It's the index of an unused position. if entry == -1: raise Exception( "Hash table is full." ) hTable.table[ entry ] = _Entry( key, value ) hTable.size += 1 else: # pre-existing entry entry.value = value return True def get( hTable, key ): """Return the value associated with the given key in the given hash table. Precondition: contains(hTable, key) """ entry = _locate( hTable, key ) return entry.value
Then, I have to design and implement a module called jumble. It takes a sequence of letters and forms anagrams from it.
Algorithm I have to use:
Create a hash table. For each word in words.txt... Sort the letters in the word; use that as a key. Enter the (key,word) pair into the hash table. Prompt the user for a string. While the string is not empty... Look up the string in the hash table and print all words that use its letters. Prompt the user for a string.
I then have to edit hashtable.put to allow the table to grow when it gets too close to being full.
Allocate the new hash table array For each key in the old hash table Get the key's value from the old table Put (key,value) into the new table Change the HashTable object so that it refers to the new array rather than the old one
It would be greatly appreciated if anyone can help me... I'm lost.