I tried updating my data like so but it doesn't work

require("config.inc.php");//this piece of code us for authentication and it works fine.

  the values below in the POST are valid not empty values
  $shell = $_POST['shell'];
  $reporter = $_POST['reporter'];

   $query = "UPDATE `shellingdb`
             SET `likes` = `likes` + 1
             WHERE `shell` = ':shell' AND `reporter` = ':reporter'";

           try {
        $query_params =  array(':shell' => $_POST['shell'], ':reporter' => $_POST['reporter']);//Updates likes
        $stmt   = $db->prepare($query);
        $result = $stmt->execute($query_params);
        $affected = $stmt->rowCount();//counts the number of affected rows during the update query
        if($affected > 0)
                        $response["success"] = 1;
            $response["message"] = "Updated! this number of rows were affected".$affected;
            echo json_encode($response);
            $response["success"] = 2;
                $response["message"] = "Not Updated! huh!".$affected."shell=".$shell." reporter=".$reporter;
                echo json_encode($response);
    catch (Exception $ex) {
        $response["success"] = 0;
        $response["message"] = "Database Error!".$ex->getMessage();

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Member Avatar for iamthwee

Open up the PDO documentation and do a simple select query first before diving in.

okay this is my PDO code and every thing works just perfectly when i select or insert into the database, it is just the update that gives a headache.

below is the config.inc.php file code


// These variables define the connection information for your MySQL database 
$username = "xmnj3jh0jhtheu_14265914"; 
$password = "jhikjskjiavethew"; 
$host = "sqlkjnlkkjlk101.x3kuhiu0lkj.us"; 
$dbname = "x3lnklj0u_1426jbkb5914_gbabbjkhjajhlert"; 

// UTF-8 is a character encoding scheme that allows you to conveniently store 
// a wide varienty of special characters, like � or �, in your database. 
// By passing the following $options array to the database connection code we 
// are telling the MySQL server that we want to communicate with it using UTF-8 
// See Wikipedia for more information on UTF-8: 
// http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UTF-8 
$options = array(PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_INIT_COMMAND => 'SET NAMES utf8'); 

// A try/catch statement is a common method of error handling in object oriented code. 
// First, PHP executes the code within the try block.  If at any time it encounters an 
// error while executing that code, it stops immediately and jumps down to the 
// catch block.  For more detailed information on exceptions and try/catch blocks: 
// http://us2.php.net/manual/en/language.exceptions.php 
    // This statement opens a connection to your database using the PDO library 
    // PDO is designed to provide a flexible interface between PHP and many 
    // different types of database servers.  For more information on PDO: 
    // http://us2.php.net/manual/en/class.pdo.php 
    $db = new PDO("mysql:host={$host};dbname={$dbname};charset=utf8", $username, $password, $options); 
catch(PDOException $ex) 
    // If an error occurs while opening a connection to your database, it will 
    // be trapped here.  The script will output an error and stop executing. 
    // Note: On a production website, you should not output $ex->getMessage(). 
    // It may provide an attacker with helpful information about your code 
    // (like your database username and password). 
    die("Failed to connect to the database: " . $ex->getMessage()); 

// This statement configures PDO to throw an exception when it encounters 
// an error.  This allows us to use try/catch blocks to trap database errors. 

// This statement configures PDO to return database rows from your database using an associative 
// array.  This means the array will have string indexes, where the string value 
// represents the name of the column in your database. 

// This block of code is used to undo magic quotes.  Magic quotes are a terrible 
// feature that was removed from PHP as of PHP 5.4.  However, older installations 
// of PHP may still have magic quotes enabled and this code is necessary to 
// prevent them from causing problems.  For more information on magic quotes: 
// http://php.net/manual/en/security.magicquotes.php 
if(function_exists('get_magic_quotes_gpc') && get_magic_quotes_gpc()) 
    function undo_magic_quotes_gpc(&$array) 
        foreach($array as &$value) 
                $value = stripslashes($value); 


// This tells the web browser that your content is encoded using UTF-8 
// and that it should submit content back to you using UTF-8 
header('Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8'); 

// This initializes a session.  Sessions are used to store information about 
// a visitor from one web page visit to the next.  Unlike a cookie, the information is 
// stored on the server-side and cannot be modified by the visitor.  However, 
// note that in most cases sessions do still use cookies and require the visitor 
// to have cookies enabled.  For more information about sessions: 
// http://us.php.net/manual/en/book.session.php 

// Note that it is a good practice to NOT end your PHP files with a closing PHP tag. 
// This prevents trailing newlines on the file from being included in your output, 
// which can cause problems with redirecting users.

Member Avatar for iamthwee

-Edited as Prit's answer is better.


query = "UPDATE `shellingdb`
         SET `likes` = `likes` + 1
         WHERE `shell` = :shell AND `reporter` = :reporter";

Don't use single quotes when binding. The binding takes care of that.

commented: good one +14

It worked thanks a lot.

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