The 2 most common uses of pagination that you can find on the web are the paginated lists and the paginated content. The difference is that paginated lists is used when split a large list into several pages while the paginated content is segmented into several different pages.
Pagination is the process of dividing web content and displaying it on separate pages. On the Internet, pagination is used for such things as displaying a limited number of results on search engine results pages, or showing a limited number of posts when viewing a forum thread.
Pagination is a way of organizing or numbering a lot of data within a web page to make it more manageable and user-friendly. The purpose of doing this is to get the search engines to crawl these pages and to distribute page rank from highly crawled pages of your site to these deeper pages of your site