Is there any procedure to avoid failed updates to repeat with same message of failure again and again.
Find the source of failure, and fix it. Or disable updates.
Windows Update should tell you which component failed to install. See if you can locate a standalone installer for it on Microsoft's site and try a manual installation.
Which version of Windows are you trying to update?
What's the exact error message you're seeing?
Another way is to go to Control -> Program and features -> Show updates -> Uninstall updates. Than download and install the updates again.
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