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Introduction
Today we are going to go over the very basics of web design and getting it right. I see a lot of web developers who say they are programmers but not designers (although sometimes I wonder even this.) However, this shouldn't mean you can't get the very basics of design right.

UX is a field of its own and it is carefully thought out, designs following a visual hierarchy, typography that is consisent. This all helps to keep users visiting your site and what's more coming back. So pay attention kids, class is in progress!

Typography
OK this is the very basics. You don't want to mix too many web fonts... I know it is a real shame because you have all those google web fonts available but seriously, stick to one web font or two, if you can. One font for <header> tags and another for the body.

See below:
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Serif Vs non San serif f55f464146fcb5770c1557887b2990b0
Unless you know what you're doing, stick to web safe sans serif fonts. The most popular one today is probably helvetica or google's 'Open Sans.' Not only is it cleaner but it also serves a purpose -easy reading and that is what is it all about.

Keep your typography consistent
There is a reason why most css style sheets have h1,h2,h3,h4,h5 header tags. It is to provide consistency. All your heading fonts should be the same, for example h2 or h3 that you have defined in your style sheet. Remember visual hierarchy is also important. The natural flow of the page should be styled so the headings or call out boxes have naturally larger fonts than the body. It is so your eye gets drawn to that first.

Another point is maintain line height consistency, you don't want your typography too close or too far apart. See example below.
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Carefully pick your font colors
The point to note here is your font should be readable. It should be contrasted against whatever background so your visitors can see what they are reading.
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Padding spacing and vertical alignment
This one really gets my goat. Mainly because there are so many css frameworks out there to help you. What I'm talking about is poor consistency with vertical and horizontal alignment and padding. Set your style sheets so they are all the same. Or better still use a framework like bootstrap or skeleton. They make your lives and those viewing your site much much easier.

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Don't forget, padding and alignment doesn't just apply to your divs, but also the content inside your divs. See final example: 26a8567f13a1de80e3ab8b83cb00add7

Conclusions
Web design doesn't just have to be for designers and photoshop users, web programmers will do well to follow these simple rules.

Below I've listed a few helpful tools to help you follow good web design.

http://960.gs/ <-A grid system for photoshop
https://kuler.adobe.com/ <-Pick your color themes so they sing together
http://getbootstrap.com/ <- A css responsive framework that does all the hard work so you don't have to.

Thanks for reading.

Edited by happygeek: old images deleted

Votes + Comments
good suggestions!

Started window cleaning after uni. Got my first ladder, bucket and sponge and since then I haven't looked back.

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Last Post by Sandaruwan_1
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This is a good article for all web designers/developers not just beginners. I still see sites that use too many different fonts just to be cute or whatever. Another thing to add is to make sure you are using web fonts like Google fonts or Typekit, etc. that work well on most if not all browsers both current and a few previous versions. You can also use text character spacing (between each letter) and not just line spacing. Let your text "breathe" on a web page by giving it the space it needs.

Edited by webhawk: typo

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Is there a 'html5 graphical diagram outliner' for PhotoShop ? Thanks

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A tool I find useful for colour selection is paletton.com. Another tip I found useful when it comes to colour selection is to use one colour that will be the main colour of the site instead of mixing so many colours together.

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I just reread this article and the replies and I must say that I agree with webhawk. Text does need space to breathe in order to be clear and to convey the message to the users. At the end of the day, the design has to promote the content. Likewise, it is better from a design perspective to stick with one font on a website and use things like emphasis or bold to mark out certain bits of it.

Great article by the way.

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