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I recently tackled a challenging research task involving multimodal data for a classification problem using [TensorFlow Keras](https://www.tensorflow.org/guide/keras). One of the trickiest aspects was figuring out how to load multimodal data in batches from storage efficiently. While TensorFlow Keras offers helpful functions for batch-loading images from various sources, the documentation and …

Computer Science python tensorflow
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Sentiment analysis, a subfield of Natural Language Processing (NLP), aims to discern and classify the underlying sentiment or emotion expressed in textual data. Whether it is understanding customers' opinions about a product, analyzing social media posts, or gauging public sentiment towards a political event, sentiment analysis plays a vital role …

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In a [previous tutorial](https://www.daniweb.com/programming/computer-science/tutorials/541123/stock-price-prediction-using-1d-cnn-in-tensorflow-keras), I covered how to predict future stock prices using a deep learning model with 1D CNN layers. This method is effective for basic time series forecasting. Recently, I've enhanced this model by not just considering past closing prices but also factors like Open, High, Low, Volume, …

Computer Science python tensorflow
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A video is a series of images, or frames, shown in rapid succession. Its frame rate, measured in frames per second (FPS), dictates the display speed. For instance, a 30 FPS video shows 30 frames each second. The frame count and frame rate determine a video's detail, smoothness, file size, …

Computer Science python
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## Introduction ## Loss functions are the driving force behind all machine learning algorithms. They quantify how well our models are performing by calculating the difference between the predicted and actual outcomes. The goal of every machine learning algorithm is to minimize this loss function, thereby improving the model’s accuracy. …

Computer Science python
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As a researcher, I have often found myself buried under a mountain of research articles, each promising insights and breakthroughs crucial for my work. The sheer volume of information is overwhelming, and the time it takes to extract the relevant data can be daunting. However, extracting meaningful information from research …

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Stock price prediction is a challenging task that requires analyzing historical trends, market sentiments, economic indicators, and company performance. One of the popular methods for stock price prediction is using deep learning models, such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs). CNNs are a type of neural network that can extract features …

Computer Science python tensorflow
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Facial emotion detection, as the name suggests, involves detecting emotions from faces in images or videos. Recently, I was working on a facial emotion detection task and came across the DeepFace library that implements various state-of-the-art facial emotion detection models. However, in my experience, the performance of the DeepFace library …

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Chatbots are software applications that can interact with humans using natural language. They can be used for various purposes, such as customer service, entertainment, education, and more. Chatbots can be built using different techniques like rule-based systems, machine learning, or deep learning. In this article, I will focus on the …

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Language modeling is the cornerstone of advanced natural language processing, forming the backbone for cutting-edge technologies like ChatGPT. At its core, it involves predicting words based on context, a fundamental principle underlying modern large language Models (LLMs). There are various techniques for language modeling, with attention mechanisms emerging as the …

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In this tutorial, you will learn to fine-tune a [Hugging Face Transformers model](https://huggingface.co/docs/transformers/index) for video classification in PyTorch. The Hugging Face documentation provides an example of performing video classification using the Hugging Face Trainer with one of Hugging Face's built-in datasets. However, the process of fine-tuning a video transformer on …

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## Introduction ## In the realm of computer vision, [Vision Transformers (ViTs)](https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.11929) revolutionized image processing by employing self-attention mechanisms, allowing for a non-sequential analysis of images. ViTs are instrumental in capturing intricate patterns and long-range dependencies, making them invaluable for tasks like image recognition and object detection. Hugging Face, a …

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In a previous article, I showed you [how to analyze sentiments using Chat-GPT and data augmentation techniques](https://www.daniweb.com/programming/computer-science/tutorials/540502/sentiment-analysis-with-data-augmentation-using-chatgpt#post2293643). Following that, some readers reached out, asking for a breakdown of fine-tuning a Chat-GPT model. In this article, I will guide you through fine-tuning your Chat-GPT model using your own data. First, I'll …

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In one of my research projects, I needed to extract text from video files and create a CSV file that included sentiments expressed in the text. Manual extraction was time-consuming and costly. So, I explored Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems and discovered OpenAI [Whisper](https://openai.com/research/whisper), known for its high accuracy in …

Computer Science python
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In my recent journey of developing various AI solutions powered by Language Models (LLMs), a significant question has emerged: Should we harness the capabilities of Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG), or should we opt for the path of custom fine-tuning? This decision can profoundly impact the performance and adaptability of our …

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Lexicographic algorithm I'm trying to make this algorithm work, but it keeps telling me that my declaration array is not correct because it needs to have a constant value. Array declaration can be found in the main #include<iostream> #include<array> using namespace std; void nextPermutation(char* v, int n) { //function declaration …

Computer Science c++
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Construct an algorithm that has input an integer n ≥ 1, numbers x0, x1,...,xn, and a number x and that produces as output the product (x-xo)(x-x1)(x - xn).

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Data annotation for text classification is time-consuming and expensive. In the case of smaller training datasets, pre-trained ChatGPT models might achieve higher classification accuracy on test sets than training classifiers from scratch or fine-tuning existing models. Additionally, ChatGPT can aid in annotating data for fine-tuning text classification models. In this …

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I am trying to understand Boyer Moore algorithm & KMP algorithm (Knuth Morris Pratt)? I tried some places like GeeksForGeeks, TutorialsPoint etc. But I have still some doubts. If you guys have some resources or videos where these algorithms are explained in somewhat simple terms, please share them. First I …

Computer Science
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A small airline has just purchased a computer for its new automated reservations system. You have been asked to develop the new system. You’re to write an application to assign seats on each flight of the airline’s only plane (the capacity of the plane is 10 seats of the same …

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A/B testing is a method of comparing two versions of a web page or app to determine which one performs better. It is a powerful tool for optimizing websites and apps, as it allows businesses to make data-driven decisions about the design and functionality of their online platforms. With A/B …

Computer Science engineering
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will you kindly tell me how to make Instagram bots, Instagram bot followers? What is the step-by-step approach of it with programming? I want to make it by myself.

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## Introduction ## In this tutorial, you will see how to convert the text in CSV file columns to other languages using the [DeepL API](https://www.deepl.com/translator) in the Python programing language. DeepL is one of the most popular and accurate text translation platforms. DeepL, as the name suggests, incorporates advanced deep …

Computer Science python
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## Introduction ## I was working on a problem where I had to scrape tweets related to the T20 Cricket World Cup 2022, which is currently taking place in Australia. I wanted tweets containing location names (cities) and the keyword “T20”. In the response, I want the user names of …

Computer Science python
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**Numerologists claim to be able to determine a person's character traits based on the "numeric value" of a name. The value of a name is determined by summing up the values of the letters of the name. For example, the name *Zelle* would have the value 26 + 5 + …

Computer Science python
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hello, I am currently struggling so bad in understanding Java and how to implement the codes. I have to implement two subclasses for Canadian and US postal code in Java. For Canadian Postal code, a valid postal postal code has the rule: positions at 0,2,5 are letters. Positions at 1,4,6 …

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## Introduction ## I was recently working on a project that required me to extract location information from the [OpenStreetMap](https://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=15/51.5226/-0.1567), an open license map database of the world. The OpenStreetMap database allows you to extract location data along with the location meta information in the form of tags. My task …

Computer Science python
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In my [previous articles](https://www.daniweb.com/programming/computer-science/tutorials/538512/finding-inter-annotator-agreement-between-three-annotators-in-python#post2287428), I explained how you could apply heuristic and statistical approaches for finding inter-annotator agreement between multiple annotators. However, while applying those approaches, I found that finding inter-annotator agreement in the case of multi-label ranked data is a difficult task, and traditional inter-annotator agreement techniques will almost …

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Is there a way to know if the lists inside a list contain the same elements with python? For example: Return True if given list [['A', 'B'], ['A', 'B'], ['A', 'B']] or False if given list [['B', 'C'], ['Z', 'C']]

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Can someone please give me tips on how to accomplish generating a random number within a random range. See 'roll_dice' #include <iostream> #include <limits> #include <ctime> #include <iomanip> #include <cstdlib> using namespace std; using std::cout; using std::cin; struct Sanity { unsigned int turns = std::numeric_limits<int>::max(); unsigned int sanity = std::numeric_limits<int>::max(); …

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The End.